The main signs and symptoms of a microinfarct in men
Table of contents
- The main symptoms of a microinfarct in men
- Diagnosis of microinfarct development on the basis of available signs
Small-focal myocardial infarction of the heart is one of the most common manifestations of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Microinfarction only in rare cases causes premature death of patients, but still they serve precursors of extensive heart attacks, in which life can be saved only if urgent surgical interference. More recently, microinfarctions have been found only in men aged 40 to 60 years, but all cardiovascular diseases tend to decrease in the age threshold, therefore, for the last 5 years cases with the diagnosis of a microinfarction of the heart in a hospital are people who are younger 30 years.
There are many reasons for the development of microinfarctions, both external and internal, but the main thing is a sedentary lifestyle that contributes to reducing endurance of the heart muscles, as well as malnutrition and bad habits that contribute to the thickening of the blood and the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. The combination of adverse factors associated with lifestyle, with the stress of daily life leads to the development of microscopic ruptures of muscle fibers in the myocardium.
Damage to the heart muscle in some cases has pronounced symptoms, while in others it can only be manifested by mild discomfort.
It is very important to correctly identify the first signs of damage in the heart to prevent the development of extensive myocardial infarction with irreversible consequences.
The main symptoms of a microinfarct in men
As a rule, in men, myocardial microinfarction manifests itself with very severe symptoms, sufficient for seeking medical help.To the obvious symptoms of the development of a microinfarction in a man can be attributed a sudden pain in the chest, giving in the stomach or in the hand on the left side.Many men who survived myocardial infarction mark that painful sensations are acute, compressive in nature and at the same time there is a sensation of a strong coma in the chest.
Painful sensations can last for several hours. The characteristic external signs include cyanosis of the lips and fingers, that is, blueing. In addition, the patient throws in cold sweat and sharply grow cold hands and feet. With palpation of the veins, the pulse is practically not palpable. If, as a result of myocardial microinfarction, severe necrosis of the tissues develops, unmotivated fear, sweating and an increase in body temperature of up to 38 ° C may appear in patients.
In rare cases, a microinfarction in men can occur almost asymptomatically. As a rule, in this case the patient feels a sharp attack of acute pain in the left half of the chest. In the future, a man who survived a heart attack with minimal symptoms, can for a few hours or days experience mild discomfort in the sternum.
Among other non-obvious symptoms of the latent flow of the microinfarction, general weakness and malaise, headaches, decreased efficiency, rapid fatigue can be identified. With this variant of the microinfarction, it is possible to diagnose pathology only after a number of medical studies. In atypical course of the pathology, only such symptoms can be observed: dyspnea and slight dizziness, which can provoke a loss of consciousness. In addition, aching pain in the abdominal region may occur.
External signs of myocardial microinfarctions in men are similar in many respects to manifestations of angina pectoris, but still there is one a significant difference: when Valium is taken, painful and uncomfortable sensations do not subside, but continue to accrue.
Diagnosis of microinfarct development on the basis of available signs
Symptoms and signs of the microinfarction, which are included in the history and are visible to the naked eye, do not always provide accurate information for the diagnosis and the appointment of adequate treatment. In order to diagnose a microinfarction, it is necessary to conduct a series of medical studies that will allow to say exactly whether the lesion of the myocardium is damaged. Immediately it is worth mentioning that myocardial microinfarction develops within 1 hour, therefore at the first signs the devices may not show problems, because of what several studies may be required, but this is only in cases where the patient was taken to the hospital with the first symptoms from the side heart.
In most cases, patients enter the hospital in a state where the microinfarction has already developed. The following medical investigations will make the clinical picture possible:
- Blood test.
- Pressure control with a tonometer.
- Colored ultrasound of the heart.
With the development of myocardial microinfarctions, there can be observed a rapid pulse and increased pressure, and vice versa, a strong decrease in pressure in the blood vessels, to a critical level. It is worth noting that if there is an increase in pressure, the patient feels that the heart "jumps out of the chest and he sees black circles in front of his eyes. People who have low blood pressure in this pathology, as a rule, have less severe symptoms.
The ECG provides more information, since the study has pronounced pathological changes in the form of ischemia, but there is no growth of Q wave, which, as a rule, is observed in the development of large-focal heart attack. High blood pressure is provided by blood tests that reveal the effects of necrosis within a few days after the actual development of myocardial microinfarction. Ultrasound can detect the location of the affected fibers and assess the size of the necrosis area.