Cystitis in pregnancy: treatment and symptoms
Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. From the disease, neither men nor women are insured. Cystitis in pregnancy - a fairly common phenomenon that occurs at any time from conception to the most childbirth. On average, women develop cystitis more often than men. The reason for this is the specific structure of the genito-urinary organs. The female urinary canal is shorter and wider, allowing bacteria to enter the bladder more quickly and thereby cause the disease.
Cystitis - a disease that is inherent in recurring, go into a chronic form. It is important to identify the disease in time and start treatment. Especially dangerous is cystitis in early pregnancy.
Microorganisms, getting into the bladder, provoke the inflammatory process. As a result, the bladder is not completely emptied, inflammation develops. Disease bacteria enter the fetus together with nutrients. An intrauterine infection develops, and a child can be born before the term, with mental or physical abnormalities.
Symptoms of the disease
Cystitis is characterized by:
- frequent urination;
- burning or pain while urinating;
- pain over the bosom.
Pain is often felt in the lower back and is taken as a sign of a threatening miscarriage.
An important symptom of the disease is the frequent urge to urinate at night. In this urine is often found in the blood. Sometimes cystitis occurs absolutely asymptomatic, it can be determined only after the analysis of urine and bacteriological culture on special media.
A big mistake will be confused cystitis with urethritis. Urethritis is the inflammatory process of the urethra itself. Urethritis is manifested as a burning sensation during urination, a sensation of pain. Often, these two diseases go together, weighting the state of the future mother.
Symptoms of acute cystitis:
- Severe pain during urination.
- Unbearable burning sensation when emptying the bladder.
- Urine becomes very turbid with impurities of blood or mucus.
- Urinary incontinence.
- Increased body temperature.
In this case, if blood and mucus is found in the first portion of the analyzed analysis, then it is probably not cystitis, and urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra. The cause of the appearance of blood in the urine can be a tumor. In this case, you urgently need to see a urologist.
If blood and mucus are found in the second portion of the delivered urine, then in this case, pain, burning, frequent urination, urinary incontinence and a constant desire to go to the toilet on a small - signs cystitis.
In acute cystitis, the mucous membrane of the bladder becomes inflamed. Even if the symptoms are poorly expressed, do not delay and urgently consult a doctor. Everyone should understand that timely treatment prevents the transition of cystitis to the chronic form of the disease.
Chronic form of cystitis is the most common disease of the bladder. Risk factors for the development of chronic cystitis:
- non-observance of the rules of intimate hygiene;
- refusal to use condoms and infection of STIs;
- regular urine retention;
- acute diseases and exacerbation of chronic pathology, leading to a decrease in immunity;
- inflammatory diseases of the vagina and cervix;
Forced retention of urination leads to a loss of normal functioning of the muscles of the bladder. Chronic cystitis can manifest itself at any time, and it will not be associated with any kind of infection. In the risk zone, people aged and women during pregnancy. During this period, hormonal changes occur in the body, immunity decreases, which inevitably leads to the development of the disease and its complications.
Comparative characteristics of acute and chronic forms of cystitis are presented in the table:
|Form and attribute||Acute cystitis||Chronic cystitis|
|Increased body temperature||Up to 38 degrees and above||Not noted|
|Pain and burning with urination||Always||Rarely|
|Pain in the lower abdomen above the bosom||Often||Rarely, moderately pronounced|
|Blood and pus in the urine||Often||It is determined only by laboratory examination|
Women even outside pregnancy fall ill with cystitis more often than men. The main route of infection:
- ascending way (through the urethra);
- descending way (through the kidneys);
- Through the blood in other infectious diseases.
Cystitis occurs at any time of the year. Most often this is due to hypothermia, non-compliance with hygiene, the regime of urination.
Cystitis and pregnancy
Inflammation can appear both in the early stages of pregnancy and later. The main cause of the disease is a physiological decrease in immunity and a hormonal imbalance. All this violates urination, leads to stagnation of urine and creates a favorable environment for the development of microorganisms. With the first symptoms of cystitis during pregnancy, treatment is urgently performed. Otherwise, the infection can lead to intrauterine fetal pathology, miscarriage or premature birth. When developing the first symptoms of the disease should immediately call a doctor.
Cystitis is manifested by pain in the lower abdomen, which decreases only after urination and intensifies again after it is filled. Burning, itching in the genital area, severe pain during urination can also be symptoms of cystitis. In this case, urine becomes turbid, and sometimes it can see blood and an admixture of mucus.
The survey includes:
- General blood analysis
- General urine analysis.
- Bacteriological culture of urine.
Based on the results of the research, the attending physician will prescribe a course of therapy. Only for this purpose it is necessary to put correctly the diagnosis, only after that will define or determine, I eat to treat a cystitis at pregnancy and on what scheme to spend treatment of a cystitis at pregnancy.
How to treat cystitis in pregnancy? Today many effective preparations have been developed. Their peculiarity is that the constituent components of the drug concentrate at the site of infection. This increases the effectiveness of cystitis treatment, and at the same time, the risk of drug exposure to the fetus and the general condition of the woman's body is reduced.
Modern drugs, in contrast to the drugs of the previous generation, are aimed at eliminating bacteria directly in the urinary tract. The medicine penetrates into the infection zone itself, kills it there and practically does not affect the condition of neighboring organs.
With modern drugs, it became possible to reduce the additional drug load on the body of a pregnant woman and increase the effectiveness of treatment several times. As an example, we can mention the preparation Monural, which is prescribed in combination with UHF, inductothermy, with special home treatment, diet.
When the taking of tablets is impossible for a number of reasons (for example, with allergies, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug) non-traditional medicine comes to the aid of a pregnant woman.
Remove microorganisms that cause bladder disease, can be using diuretic and anti-inflammatory medicinal herbs, horsetail field, calendula, yarrow, St. John's wort, various diuretics that are used in parallel with the course of drug treatment disease.
Methods of prevention
To minimize the probability of the appearance of the disease during pregnancy, a woman should:
- If possible, reduce stress levels;
- Correct the power mode.
- Maintain a diet: focus on fresh vegetables and fruits, refraining from spicy, spicy and salty foods.
- To consume at least 2 liters of liquid per day (priority to berry fruit and herbal decoctions).
- Do not overcool.
- Give up tight tight clothes.
- Observe the rules of personal hygiene, using special means.
Remember: cystitis during pregnancy can cause almost any infection. Therefore it is worth to visit the dentist, move more, be less nervous, eat more vegetables and fruits, drink tea and juices more often, thereby blocking the path of the disease and reducing the risk of complications.