Folic acid in pregnancy planning

Folic acid (B9) is a necessary vitamin for the human body. Over the past ten years, doctors strongly recommend taking it not only during a woman's pregnancy, but also at the conception stage of the child. Medical science has proved that folic acid in planning pregnancy is a kind of guarantee for the birth of a healthy baby. How to drink vitamin B9 properly and when should you start taking the drug?

The main functions of folic acid


Functions of vitamin B9 and its positive effect on the body:

  • provides a stable activity of the hematopoietic system;
  • participates in the synthesis and division of cells;
  • responsible for the normalization of cholesterol metabolism, fats in the liver, vitamins;
  • provides the exchange of nucleic acids, amino acids, serotonin, noradrenaline, neurotransmitters;
  • helps to improve appetite;
  • contributes to the improvement of the digestive tract;
  • prevents the development of atherosclerosis;
  • helps to remove toxins and poisons from the body;
  • coordinates the exchange of proteins;
  • reduces the risk of developing cancer;
  • helps fight depression.

Benefit of vitamin B9 for future parents

During pregnancy, the woman's body uses more folic acid than before her onset. Deficiency of B9 can lead to the appearance of pathologies of the neural tube, which is a threat to the life of the fetus. Unfortunately, the body can not create its "stock but it is necessary to control its level.

Symptoms of a deficiency in the body of vitamin B9:

  1. The emergence of megaloblastic anemia.
  2. Formation of fetal neural tube pathology.
  3. The appearance of epithelial tissue bleeding.
  4. Pathologies in the digestive tract.
  5. Fast fatigue, general weakness.

In order to constantly monitor the level of vitamin B9, a pregnant woman needs to closely monitor the health status, since its deficiency has a negative effect on the fetus.


In the first three months of pregnancy, the baby's organs and systems are formed. For the development of the embryo brain, the presence of vitamin B9 is vital. Its shortage can lead to tragic consequences.

Deficiency of vitamin B9 during the period of planning and course of pregnancy can provoke:

  • spontaneous miscarriage in the first trimester;
  • the death of a child in the womb;
  • delay in mental and mental development in a newborn;
  • malformations of the nervous system.

A particular danger is the deficiency of folic acid in the first days and weeks of pregnancy. That is why it is so important to start taking the drug even before the conception of the child, in order to avoid any health problems.

Benefits of Vitamin B9

The timely administration of medications will reduce these risks. Therefore, experts advise to begin prevention three months before the onset of the alleged conception. Folic acid in the planning of pregnancy is an important micronutrient, which has a significant effect on the formation of a neural tube in the embryo. Its deficiency in the body of a woman can cause the following pathologies in an embryo:

  • disease of the brain (dropsy, hernia, etc.);
  • wrong formation of the lips (hare lip);
  • pathology of the sky (wolf), etc.

Important! Clinical studies have shown that replenishment of the required amount of folic acid in the organism of a woman before the onset of pregnancy makes it possible to avoid the risks of manifestations of pathologies in the future child.

The presence in the body of future parents of the required level of folic acid is favorable:

  • formation of "correct" RNA, DNA, which are responsible for the transfer of genetic traits;
  • the assimilation of a complex of other vitamins necessary for the favorable conception of the baby and his bearing;
  • activating the activity of spermatozoa in the body of a man;
  • the development of a healthy fetus, the formation of its nerve cells;
  • reduce the risk of natural termination of pregnancy.

When planning pregnancy for both partners, doctors recommend that the preventive course of vitamin B9 be drunk. If there is a deficit in the body of a man, the probability of a successful conception of the child is reduced to zero. It not only increases the number of spermatozoa, but also increases the quality of sperm, reduces the risk of gene mutation. Consequently, the probability of a child with a genetic pathology significantly reduced.

Products containing folic acid (PK)

It is almost impossible to list all products, this list may take more than one page. There are products containing it in the highest quantity:

  • nuts;
  • seeds;
  • greenery;
  • liver;
  • eggs;
  • vegetables;
  • fruit;
  • beans;
  • greens, etc.

Important! Thermal treatment of food reduces the level of folic acid in them. To save the amount of it is desirable to introduce into the diet raw foods.

For an adult, the required norm of folic acid per day is 200 μg. During pregnancy, the need for vitamin B9 increases to 400 mcg per day.

The content of vitamin B9 in foodstuffs in mcg per 100 gr.

Products | The amount of FC (μg) Products | The amount of FC (μg)
Beef liver 240 Rice groats 19
Cod, liver 110 Potatoes, watermelon, peaches 8
Spinach 80 Cabbage, horse mackerel, cream 10
Walnut nuts 77 Onions, carrots 9
Rye flour 55 Kefir 7.8
Cheese 23 to 45 Beet 13
Milk powder 30 Egg 7
Asparagus 262 Salad 40
Nuts from 25 to 240 Beans 115
Pork liver 225 Green onions 11
Beans 160 Parsley 117
Lentils 180 Citrus 27

Based on the data indicated in the table, it is easy to choose a diet corresponding to the required daily intake of folic acid.


It is quite difficult to fill the deficiency of vitamin B9 in the human body with food. The solution to this problem is in the admission of specialized medications. They are divided into:

  • preparations containing one component - folic acid;
  • drugs that have several components - vitamin B9 as an active ingredient and a complex of other vitamins.

Preparations and mineral complexes having in the composition of vitamin B9:

Name Form of issue The content of vitamin B9 in one dosage form
9 Months Folic acid pills 400 μg
Mamifol pills 400 μg
Folacin pills 5 mg
Folic acid pills 1 mg
Vitamin complexes containing folic acid
9 months Vitamin-Mineral Complex pills 424 μg
Aktiferrin Compositum capsules 500 μg
Angiovitis pills 5 mg
Ascofol pills 800 μg
Aerovit pills 200 μg
Berroca® Plus pills 400 μg
Biofer pills 350 μg
Bio-Max pills 100 μg
Velmen capsules 500 μg
Vitaspectrum pills 200 μg
Elevit Pronatal pills 800 μg
Foliber pills 400 μg
Folio pills 400 μg

Packing with the preparation contains instructions for use.

The attending physician will explain in detail how to take folic acid during pregnancy planning (dosage and duration). Do not self-medicate! The intake of medications when planning pregnancy should be controlled by a doctor.

You can specify the cost of the drug in the pharmacy. Prices may vary depending on the region.

All medications with vitamin B9 are compatible with hormonal drugs (Dyufaston, Utrozhestan, etc.) that are prescribed at the stage of pregnancy planning. It is not recommended to take vitamins simultaneously with alcohol.

When to start reception

Once the couple decided that they are ready to have a baby, the first thing to do is to visit a gynecologist. Only a professional after the performed tests can prescribe a medication containing folic acid. Correctly selected dose will help to fill the body's norm. The doctor will explain how to take the drug when planning a pregnancy and determine the duration of admission.

Admission of folic acid in planning pregnancy is assigned to both spouses three months before the fact of the alleged pregnancy is established. The first tablet or capsule should be drunk on the first day of the month. Then by the time of ovulation and possible conception, the body will already be saturated with folic acid, and early pregnancy will pass safely.

After the course of therapeutic prophylaxis, future mothers and fathers give tests for the quantitative content of vitamin B9. A man planning a child's birth should, within three months before conception of the child, monitor his diet, add to it foods rich in vitamin B9.

Recommended dose of admission

The human body is individual, so the dosage of folic acid in the planning of pregnancy is selected personally. An increased dose of the drug is prescribed for people who:

  • have nicotine and alcohol dependence;
  • adhere to strict diets;
  • in their diet are absent or present in an insignificant quantity of vegetables, greens, citrus;
  • have gastrointestinal pathology;
  • regularly take drugs with hormones.

These people have a fairly large deficiency of folic acid.

When planning pregnancy, the dose of vitamin B9 intake is 400 mcg per day. In the first trimester of pregnancy, it can be increased to 800 mcg. In cases of a serious lack of folic acid in the body of a pregnant woman, the intake dose increases to 5 g per day.

How much to drink folic acid when planning a pregnancy, the doctor determines. Everything depends on the health of future parents. One is prescribed 400 μg per day, and another dose is doubled. Take the tablets with plain water.

Overdose with drugs containing folic acid is virtually excluded. Vitamin B9 does not accumulate in large quantities. If there is an excess, it will quickly come out of the body. Doctors recommend taking the medication not only three months before the onset of pregnancy, but also during its first semester - up to 14 weeks.

The appointment of a doctor dosage of a preparation of folic acid to spouses when planning a pregnancy may be different. If the conception of the child does not occur for a long time, the results of the tests will determine the cause of the problem. If the problem is in a man, then he will be prescribed a higher dose of the drug containing folic acid, and the necessary additional medications.

Who should take vitamin B9?

Preparations containing folic acid should not be taken in the presence of diseases such as:

  • bronchial asthma;
  • malignant tumors;
  • allergic manifestations;
  • B12-deficiency anemia;
  • severe kidney pathology.

Sometimes taking folic acid preparations causes the following negative reactions in patients:

  • vomiting;
  • nausea;
  • heartburn;
  • diarrhea;
  • muscle spasm;
  • pain in the intestines and stomach.

If there are side effects after taking the drug, you should immediately contact your doctor. He will change the dosage or completely cancel the drug.

Preparation for the conception of the baby is a crucial moment in the life of the spouses. The amount of folic acid in their body plays an important role:

  • at the onset of a planned pregnancy;
  • when preparing a female body for bearing a baby;
  • during pregnancy;
  • for the birth of a healthy child.

Important! When planning pregnancy, you need to see a doctor who will give directions for research. According to their results, he will appoint a medication and give the necessary recommendations.