Pregnancy after cancer - chances, risks, prognosis
Some cancer treatments, including surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy, have the potential to reduce fertility in various ways. For some people, physical changes make this ability more difficult to conceive a child, whereas in others these changes lead to a complete and prolonged decline in fertility. Although there are options available to protect the reproductive function of a person during cancer treatment.
Completely preserve the childbearing ability during the oncology treatment is not always possible. Nevertheless, in modern medicine and society there are several ways to start or expand your family, even if your fertile function (or your partner) has suffered from the consequences of an anticancer treatment.
Pregnancy after cancer: how to conceive and give birth to a healthy child?
Cancer treatment with chemotherapy can reduce the number of ovaries in the woman's ovaries (the so-called ovarian reserve), which makes it difficult for her to have natural ability to have children. If the blood tests and ultrasound showed that the woman has hormonal disorders or deviations in the functioning of reproductive organs, a specialist in infertility with the purpose of pregnancy may use special assisted reproductive technologies, for example, in vitro fertilization (process, which includes collecting eggs and fertilizing them outside the woman's body with an oncological disease, in order to further transfer the embryo back to her body; ECO). It is important to take into account the fact that in women who underwent oncology, the reserve of oocytes is greatly reduced, which can lead to the onset of early menopause. Therefore, you should consult your doctor as early as possible if you want
If the ovaries of a woman were damaged during the treatment of cancer (or, if a woman was diagnosed with ovarian cancer, during which time her partial or complete resection), which resulted in early menopause, a patient who wants to become a mother can use an ovum other women.
Donor eggs are fertilized in the laboratory using IVF methods. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then transferred to the womb of a woman who wants to have a baby. The woman's uterus should be healthy. Also, for the process of bearing without complications and threats to the life of the mother and baby, the woman will have to use special hormonal preparations for all 9 months.
Egg donation, at least, gives chance to at least one of the parents to have a genetic connection with their child, which, you will agree, is better than not having any offspring at all.
According to the legislation, the donor egg can belong to one of the relatives of future parents, a family friend or a woman from a legal donor agency, which beforehand without fail provides all the necessary analyzes and is tested for problems with mentality.
Surrogate and gestational carriers:
If a woman can not endure a child, or if a pregnancy can endanger her health, you can use the services of a surrogate mother (another woman who wears a baby during pregnancy). This procedure is called a surrogate motherhood.
The procedure in which a woman (being able to bear a child) is placed in the cervix or uterus of an embryo or a fertilized ovum by a man who in the future will be the father of a child, is called an artificial fertilization. Since each country has its own laws, it is necessary to consult with a lawyer before considering this option.
Adoption of the child:
If you do not want to undergo the above medical procedures, but still want to have a baby, you can consider adopting a baby. To clarify all the nuances should contact the agency for adoption.
Pregnancy after oncology - questions for the doctor
Below, we will look at all the questions that you must know the answers to, if chemotherapy (or other methods of treating oncology) provoked infertility:
- If aroseinfertility after cancer, what are my options for becoming a parent?
- What examinations do I need to go through to find out if the reserve of healthy eggs in the chemotherapy process was damaged?
- How can I prove that I am sterile (sterile)?
- Can you recommend a specialist in infertility treatment?
- Can the use of hormonal drugs in the period of pregnancy lead to a relapse of cancer?
- What clinics for infertility lead pregnancy after cancer?
- How does my age affect my chances?
- Where can I learn more about the cost of each option?
- Questions are at your discretion.
In case a woman has been diagnosedcancer after childbirthor during pregnancy, we recommend you read the article: "Cancer and pregnancy - the effect on the fetus, diagnosis, treatment.".