Why there is a malfunction of the menstrual cycle

When a girl reaches the age of 12-14, her first critical days begin. This suggests that the body is physiologically ready to give a new life. Regular menstruation ends at the age of 50-55 years, followed by menopause. The whole process is divided into cycles, which are called menstrual cycles. These periods have very strict time limits, but sometimes there is a violation of the menstrual cycle, which entails a number of diseases and simply unpleasant situations. But first things first.

Menstruation is the process of rejecting the functional mucous membrane of the uterus by the body. This happens in the event that during the period of ovulation the fertilization of the egg did not occur. Normally, the menstrual cycle lasts 21-35 days. The regulation of this period is carried out by the nervous system - the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. A definite influence is exerted by the thyroid gland, as well as by the adrenal cortex.

The first months in girls come in different ways. It depends, oddly enough, on the climate in which they live: the warmer the living conditions, the faster the body grows, therefore it is known that in many Scandinavian countries the first critical days occur in 16, and the menstrual cycle can last up to 35 days. Failure for several days against the background of stress - this is quite normal. But what if the failure happens regularly? Than it is fraught and how it to treat?

The reasons for the violation of monthly


After the first menstruation begins, the menstruation will be completely disorderly for 8-10 cycles. During this period, the body is restructured and a healthy menstrual cycle is established, which ranges from 21 days to 35 days. In adult women, menstruation is more stable, so it is much easier to follow their violation and reveal pathology.


Most often the cause of the cycle is infection, which affects the organs of the small pelvis.


Possible signs of infection of the pelvic organs:

  • irregular menstruation (delay of 5-7 days or more);
  • prolongation of bleeding time (more than 7 days);
  • painful menstruation;
  • pain in the abdomen outside menstrual bleeding;
  • fever.

If you notice that your menstrual cycle has changed or menstruation periods become unstable, consult a doctor who will perform the examination and prescribe the treatment.

Most often, if the causes of the disorder are chlamydia, ureaplasma, mycoplasma or other bacteria, then a special treatment will relieve unpleasant discomfort. This is the most common reason for the violation of menstruation, it is quite easy to cure it. There are much more dangerous problems.

Often, the menstrual period may shift or lengthen due to gynecological diseases (uterus and its appendages). In this way, treatment is simply necessary, as this can lead to infertility. When the uterus is inflamed, strong pains appear in the lower abdomen, mucus secretions are formed. If you start these diseases, in the future they can manifest themselves in the form of heavy bleeding, the menstrual period will be extended or become completely unstable. In this case, you should always consult a doctor.

Violation of the hormonal background

This problem is faced both by young girls and mature women. Hormonal failure is often due to the inadequacy of the second phase of the menstrual cycle. But what causes the unstable release of hormones in the body?

  • Dysfunction of the thyroid gland. Speech can go both about its or her hyperfunction, and hypofunction.
  • Dysfunction of the adrenal glands.
  • Postponed acute and chronic diseases.

Hormonal pathology is often accompanied by a shorter time of menstrual bleeding and a prolonged cycle delay. If the menstrual periods become meager and continue to decrease, and the interval between them increases, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Hormonal contraceptives

When a woman uses contraceptive pills, she causes a malfunction of the reproductive system, in connection with which the spermatozoon is not able to fertilize the egg. But, in addition, these drugs have a serious impact on the same hormonal background, because of what against the background of their cancellation may increase the menstrual cycle to 60 days. These drugs should be used only after consulting a doctor.

Climate Change

As already mentioned above, girls who live in warm countries, menstruation begins much earlier. This indicates that the climate directly affects the female body. It is for this reason that a change in the climatic belt can cause disturbances in the monthly. But no treatment is needed in this case, the female organism adapts very quickly to new living conditions and within a month everything will fall into place.

Bad sleep

Lack of sleep is another cause of hormonal disorder in women. The productivity of the organism falls, and it is no longer able to satisfy the female reproductive system in the necessary number of vital elements. In this connection, menstruation can be disturbed for a day or two in either direction by each cycle. To panic at the same time it is not necessary to normalize it

in this situation it is quite simple. Just need a good rest and paint a work schedule, which will have enough time for sleep and rest. After that, with a high probability, everything will return to its place.

Nutrition and exercise

The diet can affect the menstrual cycle! For example, you decided to go on a diet, you have limited your body from a number of harmful fats, cholesterol and other not very useful substances. The organism immediately feels it and begins to rebuild at the hormonal level. This leads to failure. And if you add physical loads, then such an imbalance is more than probable. But treatment in this case is not necessary, this process is adaptable for the most part and in a month you can again return to a stable menstrual cycle.

An important point: strict diets and a sharp weight loss can lead to amenorrhea. In this case, menstruation will be completely absent. A compulsory consultation with a gynecologist and a nutritionist is necessary.

Depression or deep stress

It was already said above that stress can be brought down for a few days for menstruation and there is nothing to worry about, but Depression and constant experiences can cause problems much more seriously, and the change of the menstrual period will be only one of them. Delays are possible up to 60 days. In such a situation, the right treatment is the only way out!


If it seems to you that 40 days is a very long cycle, then you, fortunately, do not know such problems like oligovulation (rare ovulation) and anovulation (complete absence of ovulation - maturation ovules). This is a very serious disease that requires medical intervention. With this pathology, the normal cycle is disrupted, and the natural onset of pregnancy is almost impossible.

Probable pregnancy

Termination of menstruation can be a sign of pregnancy. Each menstrual cycle of the uterus "restored" before ovulation, preparing the body for a possible continuation of the genus. If fertilization has been realized, the uterine mucosa no longer needs to be regularly updated, in connection with which the menstruation ceases. After delivery, the menstrual cycle will gradually recover.

The first monthly

Violation of the cycle in girls is a very common phenomenon and absolutely natural. The fact is that at a young age the hormonal background only begins to be established. The menstrual cycle then increases, it gets shorter, but within the first year after the menarche it becomes stable, after which it is easier to compile a female calendar.


Women who are exposed to extreme diets and begin to lose weight quickly, also begin to suffer from an irregular cycle. Such sharp changes in vital tone are very harmful to the female body. But not only the diet is to blame, but also a fast set of weight. In this case, the menstrual period may become smaller or, conversely, longer. To avoid this outcome, use only those diets prescribed by a dietician, exercise and eat right. The diet in this case plays the most important role. Interestingly, in the fair sex, who suffer from anorexia, menstruation ceases altogether due to severe exhaustion and weakening of the body.


This term is more familiar to mature women. At the age of 45-50 years, the body is no longer able to regenerate so rapidly, this also applies to the mucous membrane of the uterus: the menstrual cycle has become longer, and the menstrual cycle passes without excessive discharge. In this case, we can assume that the malfunction of menstruation in adulthood is the first sign of menopause. This also applies to women with early menopause.

So, it is worth summarizing. There are a large number of diseases and disorders that cause an increase in the menstrual cycle, its reduction or instability. There is no point in talking about methods of treatment, because thousands of gynecologists from around the world are saying that with diseases The female body needs to be fought under the supervision of doctors, no self-medication and even more folk medicine. All medications should be prescribed by a gynecologist after a thorough examination of the patient.

Factor Causes Symptoms Effects Level of danger on a 10-point scale
Violation of the cycle without obvious symptoms Infection - Transition of infection to other organs, infertility 5
Violation of the cycle, lengthening of the menstrual cycle Violation of the hormonal background Fatigue, heaviness in the body, nausea, changes from other organs Decreased female function, dryness and increased sensitivity of genital organs 7
Violation of cycle Hormonal contraceptives - Reduced sexual function, a feeling of dryness in the bikini zone 3
Violation of cycle Change in climatic conditions Heaviness, drowsiness fatigue - 1
Violation of cycle Nedosyp Heaviness, drowsiness fatigue - 2
Violation of cycle Unbalanced nutrition Heaviness in the body, fatigue The appearance of unpleasant odors, itching and rash 4
Violation and lengthening of the menstrual cycle Stress and depression Decreased activity, drowsiness - 3
Violation of a cycle or its complete stop Oligovulation and anovulation Pathological discharge. decrease in female function, infertility. 10
Violation of a cycle or its complete stop Inflammation of the uterus and its appendages Pain in the lower abdomen, fever, unpleasant odors, abundant discharge decrease in female function, infertility. 8
Termination of menstruation Pregnancy Drowsiness and fatigue, toxicosis - 1
Violation of cycle The first monthly - - 1
Increased or decreased menstrual cycle without cause of disease Sharp weight gain or weight loss, anorexia - - 3
Termination of menstruation Climax Hot flushes, sweating, insomnia, sharp mood swings - 2

Now you will know why the menstrual cycle is going on, what to do when this happens to you. So if you have changed the timing for menstruation, you do not need to panic, you need to study all the symptoms in detail, and it's best to see a doctor right away.