How to relieve the cancer pain?
Despite modern medical progress, nevertheless it is not possible to overcome malignant tumors. Important in oncology is the question of adequate analgesia, becausecancer painsnot only are signs of disease progression, but also significantly worsen the patient's quality of life.
Due to the effect of provoking factors, normal cells change their structure and begin to divide uncontrollably. As a result, the tumor gradually increases in size, affecting surrounding tissues and organs, which causes an increase in the intensity of the pain syndrome.
Why are there pains in cancer?
Pain sensation is observed due to a violation of the integrity and structure of the nerve fiber that innervates the affected organ. A tumor can directly exert pressure on the nerve or act indirectly, releasing toxic substances and destroying nerve cells.
It happens that even after removal of the tumor conglomerate, the pain syndrome may remain until the nerve fibers are restored.
The intensity of pain can be different - constant aching pain or cramping. Sometimes the pain turns into a chronic form, which is difficult to get rid of.
The appearance of a pain syndrome can also be caused by a violation of blood circulation, lymphostasis, the severity of the inflammatory process, acute radiation reactions and post-radiation fibrosis.
In addition, it should be noted that the patient's mental state changes with a prolonged pain syndrome. As a result, the appearance of even the slightest pain is perceived by the body, as expressed pain sensations.
Important to know: Painkillers for oncology
How to relieve cancer pain with medication
Depending on the analgesic effect, several groups of drugs are distinguished, due to which the intensity of pain decreases and the general condition of the oncological patient improves.
Dosages and duration of medication intake are determined exclusively by the doctor, taking into account the prevalence of the process, the severity of the pain syndrome and the presence of concomitant pathology.
For the purpose of anesthesia, non-narcotic analgesics are prescribed at the initial stage, which reduce the swelling of the tissues and inhibit the inflammatory process. Among such medications, "Ketanov "Nimesil "Dexalgin" or "Xefokam" are used.
Their use is not recommended for a long course. In addition, they must be taken with caution in case of stomach ulcer, intestines and disorders of the coagulation system.
With a decongestant and anti-inflammatory purpose, hormonal agents ("Dexamethasone"), antidepressants and local anesthetics, which can eliminate pain only with superficial location pathological focus.
If the above medicines are ineffective, you must use narcotic drugs. They are much stronger than other analgesics in oncology.
It is worth noting that addictive drugs can develop addiction, in connection with which you will need to increase the dose of a single injection.
Blockade of nerves
The method of blocking the nerves is to introduce a local anesthetic into the site of the nerve projection, which innervates the affected organ and causes pain in cancer. Depending on the type of anesthetic used, the blockade can be performed every week, once every six months or a year.
Another method of anesthesia is the introduction of a drug into the epidural space. To this end, an anesthesiologist performs a special epidural catheter at the required level. After this, according to a certain scheme, a medicine is introduced, due to which the analgesic effect is provided.
Massage and Exercise
The main direction of massage is muscular relaxation and reduction of pain syndrome. By pressure on the points that are responsible for the work of certain organs, it is possible not only to achieve the desired result, but also to normalize their function as a whole.
However, it is worth noting that it is forbidden to press directly on the tumor, edematous and reddened places after radiation therapy. In addition, it is necessary to control the force of pressing, so as not to cause additional discomfort.
As for physical activity, it is aimed at strengthening immunity and increasing endurance. Classes should be conducted daily, giving it 5-10 minutes. Do not perform heavy exercises. Charging should be beneficial, and not aggravate the condition of the oncologist.
How can you alleviate cancer pain with folk remedies?
In pancreatic cancer, an effective analgesic drug is a tincture based on bleached and hemlock. It is necessary to take an equal number of plants, and pour alcohol ( 5). Infuse 2 weeks and take three times a day for 3 drops per tablespoon of water.
For pains in the bones, the aconite enzyme is recommended. Half a glass of foliage in the gauze pouch must be lowered into serum (3 liters of serum, 1 tablespoon of sour cream and 1 glass of sugar). Wander 3 weeks and take 100 ml with pain. In this waycancer painssignificantly reduce their intensity..