Cardiac arrhythmia in men, symptoms and causes of the disease, at risk

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2017.06.11
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Arrhythmia

The heart rhythm is in a healthy state such that the person himself does not notice it. If the intensity of heart beat is disturbed, then there is discomfort and, possibly, painful sensations. In such situations, it is necessary to understand the causes of the disturbances, so that arrhythmia attacks no longer occur.

The cause of arrhythmia in men may be a number of factors that vary with age

Content

  • Arrhythmia in boys at an early age
  • Arrhythmia in adolescents and young adults
  • Arrhythmia in men
  • Risk groups
  • Signs of cardiac arrhythmia in men
    • Heart Fading
    • Heart Attack
    • Other symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia

Arrhythmia in boys at an early age

In the development of the baby, tachycardia can be noted, and the normal rhythm in children is higher than that of adults by one and a half times

Attention!It is a mistake to assume that heart diseases in men who suffer from them more often than women are found only in old age. Arrhythmia can develop as a child, but not manifest itself.

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If an elderly man arrhythmia is a consequence of diseases and pathologies of the cardiac muscle caused by the weakening of the latter because of age, in children, arrhythmia can be a normal phenomenon associated with the active growth and development of the body.

Usually newborns have sinus arrhythmia or tachycardia. Palpitation at this rapidity, but uniform. It is caused by disturbances in the functioning of the sinus node, because the arrhythmia is called sinus. In some cases, arrhythmia can be caused by a violation (blockade) of the transmission of nerve impulses to the ventricles.

The sinus node is responsible for ventricular contraction and the discharge of blood into the blood vessels

Normal arrhythmia occurs for quite understandable reasons. The nervous system at this age is still immature, while it is responsible for the transmission of nerve impulses to contract the heart muscles.

Another reason is the inadequate development of the heart. Like any muscle, the heart needs to be trained. And this happens in an automated mode, if there are no unfavorable factors in the development of the body. It turns out that the existing sinus tachycardia should not cause discomfort in children.

If the arrhythmia does not fit into the normal limits of rhythm disturbances, then the boy exhibits painful symptoms. In 1% of cases, pathological arrhythmia in young boys is caused by heart disease. Even more rarely, diseases of other organs can cause arrhythmia, which proceeds with anxiety for the child.

Arrhythmia in adolescents and young adults

Youngsters have more arrhythmias than children

Teenagers and boys over the age of 18 should pay more attention to the functioning of the heart, because at this age their life proceeds with serious physical and psychological stress.

An important test for the strength of the nervous and cardiac system is the army. Therefore, the condition of the heart begins from the age of 14, when the teenager passes his first medical examination in the military commissariat.

  • In the adolescent period, arrhythmia is noted for the reason that the young men's heart activity was not fully established. And the matter lies not only in the age, but also in the fact that some young people do not practice an active and healthy lifestyle. The heart does not receive the proper loads, does not train.
  • The situation is aggravated by children's alcoholism. The consumption of alcoholic and alcoholic beverages carries immense harm to the heart of a matured man, and a youthful organism can simply not withstand such loads.
  • Street games and amateur sports are replaced by other interests related to gadgets and computer games. Because of this, the number of overweight boys has sharply increased in the country. According to research of scientists, in recent years the number of adolescents suffering from obesity has grown 2-fold, and the dynamics are still preserved. Excess body weight, especially fat accumulation on the walls of the heart, leads to a violation of the rhythm of the heart.
Reduced physical activity leads to impaired cardiac function

Arrhythmia in men

With the age of the factors of arrhythmia, more and more

The causes of arrhythmia in men lie in cardiovascular pathologies, in contrast to tachycardia in children and adolescents. This is due to the presence of many negative possible factors, and which one triggered the arrhythmia, is difficult to say, since practically every factor is applicable for any man.

To identify the exact cause and conduct effective treatment, men should undergo a complete examination. It is extremely important not to miss the details of the medical history, as the prerequisites for the manifestation of arrhythmia could be noted earlier.

Cardiac (cardiac) causes of the disturbed rhythm are distinguished:

  1. IHD.
  2. Attack of myocardial infarction.
  3. Cardiomyopathy.
  4. Myocarditis.
  5. Atherosclerosis.
  6. Myocardial dystrophy.
  7. Heart disease.
  8. Heart failure.

In addition to cardiac causes, there are others that are associated with diseases of other organs:

  1. Disorders of the endocrine system.
  2. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  3. Intoxication with medicines, poisoning.
  4. Diseases of the circulatory system.

In some cases, arrhythmia may occur after eating. This is due to the increased demand for GIT in oxygen and the pressure of the overflowing stomach on the diaphragm. The increased need for oxygen forces the heart to work faster. In order not to experience extrasystole after eating, it is worth eating small volumes.

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Attention!Extrasystolia after food intake occurs in people who are obese or underweight (anorexia).

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The causes of arrhythmia can also be covered in other factors. For example, increased stress can cause the excitation of the sympathetic nervous system. Any emotional shock, an intense strain on the brain can cause a disturbed rhythm of the heart.

Among the negative factors noted bad habits, the use of heart-stimulating beverages, poor ecology. If it is not possible to establish a provoking factor, then they speak of an idiopathic form of arrhythmia.

If the arrhythmia is sympathetic, then it arises only in certain cases. Therefore, in order to restore the heart rhythm, you just need to protect yourself from nervous and stressful situations.

Risk groups

To exclude oneself from the risk group, one must approach life correctly

Arrhythmia in men may occur because they are in a certain risk group. In this group, the risk of the disease increases dramatically, and it is not only in arrhythmia. In addition to the disturbed rhythm, chronic heart failure may develop, for example. The risk group includes men who have the following characteristics of the body and lifestyle:

  1. Congenital pathological changes in the heart.
  2. Dependence on drugs, alcohol, nicotine.
  3. Frequent infectious diseases.
  4. Heavy mental activity.
  5. Increased physical activity.
  6. Abuse of stimulant drinks.
  7. Hereditary predisposition.

To reduce the risk of arrhythmia and other complications, it is necessary to remove these factors as much as possible. Genetic changes will not succeed, but to abandon bad habits, do not eat much coffee and tea, do not overwork mentally and physically you can. This will greatly reduce the risks. Even a hereditary predisposition goes last in the list, because it represents the least threat

Signs of cardiac arrhythmia in men

Pain in the chest is the most common sign of rhythm disturbance

Cardiac arrhythmias in men can manifest themselves in different ways. Classify the rhythm disturbances by the way they affect hemodynamics and all cardiac activity. However, deviations may not manifest themselves at all.

Heart Fading

The most common extrasystole is a kind of arrhythmia. It occurs in 80% of healthy men. However, it can not be said that it poses a great threat. In the majority there are extrasystoles on the nervous soil.

To feel them it is possible on "somersault" of heart which is accompanied by strong reduction. Frequent extrasystoles can become familiar and not be seen, but will not disappear. If you give undue attention to the slightest "fading" and rapid heartbeats, then their perception will increase. You do not need to panic before your time, you should consult a doctor who, most likely, will calm you down.

Often young people acquire sinus tachycardia due to physical weakness of the heart muscle and high susceptibility to nervous pathogens. Neurosis can cause panic attacks, a sense of death that feeds the extrasystole, forcing the heart to beat even faster.

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Important!If the extrasystole occurs frequently, it is likely that you will have to undergo treatment and additional control of the condition of the cardiologist. What matters is why the extrasystoles occur. In a calm state, they arise against a background of neurosis, and with physical activity because of the loads.

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Heart Attack

Another sign of arrhythmia is sudden attacks of accelerated palpitation (paroxysms), which can last in different ways - from 2-3 minutes to several hours. There are similar attacks at various periods of life due to electrical impulses to contraction by additional conducting paths. Alcohol abuse, IHD, cardiomyopathy, thyrotoxicosis can also cause heart attacks in men.

Other symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia

Attacks palpitations and heart sinking general tiredness, fainting, dizziness. This symptomatology appears to a greater degree in elderly men or in babies with congenital heart defects. Cause fainting and oxygen starvation of the brain due to cardiac arrest (more than 2-3 seconds), blockade of impulses or accelerated heartbeat (more than 300 beats per minute). Both these and other phenomena affect the blood supply to the brain.

Causes, symptoms of atrial fibrillation in men and the organization of treatment on video:

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