Because of what it is possible to increase the level of hemoglobin in adolescents of different ages
People who closely monitor their health usually feel better and experience less. The picture of blood is one of the most important indicators of the state of the body. When all the indicators are normal, this indicates normal functioning of the body. What are the possible causes of high hemoglobin in adolescents? What is the best way to adjust the indicators? Is this a dangerous state?
- General information about the hemolite
- Normal performance
- The reasons for the increase in the indicator
- Treatment of high rates
General information about the hemolite
To understand why to correct high hemoglobin in a teenager of 14-16 years, it is worthwhile to figure out what kind of substance it is, and why it is needed for the human body.
Hemoglobin is a protein. This compound carries the erythrocyte by blood. Hemoglobin contains iron. This component has an amazing reversible ability to bind to oxygen molecules. Due to this property, it becomes possible to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide between organs and tissues, that is, cellular respiration.
Elevated hemoglobin in a teenager at age 14 and older can not be ignored. This either indicates the presence of some pathology, or can lead to serious violations.
To timely diagnose high hemoglobin in a teenager at age 14 and older, it is important to distinguish between normal and altered indicators. A boy and girl under the age of 12 have the same data in the analysis, and this is considered normal. Only adolescence begins to make adjustments, and the norm for different sexes is different.
The norm of hemoglobin in children and adolescents is as follows:
- newborns at the age of 1 day - 220-230 g / l;
- monthly child - 130-165 g / l;
- 3 months - 110-135 g / l;
- half a year - 115-130 g / l;
- 1-2 years - 110-120 g / l;
- 2-6 years - 110-130 g / l;
- 6-12 years old - 120-140 g / l.
The norm of hemoglobin in a teenager at age 15 depends on sex:
- for girls the normal range is 115-145 g / l;
- for guys - 130-160 g / l.
The norm of hemoglobin in a teenager of 16 years is about the same as in fifteen or twenty. The norm is taken by the indicators of adults.
The change in the index of a teenage girl to 150-154 g / l is not yet critical. If the jump was short-lived, no specific treatment is required.
Similarly, for boys, hemoglobin 163-168 is considered the upper limit of acceptable data. It is important to monitor the indicators, it's too early to be alarmed..
Important! If the result of a laboratory test showed a low hemoglobin, it should be raised. If high - it is important to exclude from the diet products that raise hemoglobin in a teenager..
The reasons for the increase in the indicator
The reasons why the girl has hemoglobin 158 g / l, and the guy 170 g / l are the same as in adults. This level can be controlled even without the use of drugs, if the cause of the deviations is not pathological.
Increase blood glucose levels in the blood of such factors:
- heart disease, blood vessels and lungs;
- cancerous tumors;
- a violation of the production of adrenal hormones;
- severe extensive burns;
- food poisoning with multiple vomiting and loose stool;
- severe dehydration;
- infection with infectious diseases;
- diabetes of any type.
If you timely diagnose the change in the picture of blood, a teenager can be provided with effective help. Even serious pathologies are successfully treated in the early stages. The main thing is not to run and not lose precious time, which may be required for effective treatment.
Sometimes, in addition to the growth of hemoglobin in the blood, the body temperature rises. Usually it is in the subfebrile range - 3, -3,. If such a situation is observed in a young man who is actively involved in sports, it is worthwhile to find out whether he took anabolic steroids. These medicines supposedly increase endurance, but they negatively affect the health of a person. They cause unpleasant consequences, which will only occur over the years.
More about the causes of increasing hemoglobin levels in children and adolescents can be found by watching the video:
Treatment of high rates
If the hemoglobin level deviated only slightly, special therapy is not required. When the increase is preceded by strong physical activity or travel to high-altitude regions, this is a normal reaction of the body. Any short-term change in the picture of blood should not be taken immediately as an excuse for intensive treatment.
Most often to reduce the level of hemoglobin requires simple recommendations:
- drink enough pure water;
- to choose a balanced diet;
- some time to take antiaggregants;
- use folk remedies to reduce hemoglobin.
It is necessary to exclude from the diet:
- products with a high content of vitamin B;
- red meat;
- dishes with a high fat content.
Food should still contain other vitamins and minerals. Properly composed menu will help to properly maintain your body.
Before taking any medication, it is worth consulting with a doctor. If the picture of blood remains for a long time changed, it is recommended to undergo an additional examination to see what causes the abnormalities. So you can protect your health from serious diseases... .