Principles of competent treatment of swelling of the legs with heart failure
Edema of the feet is familiar to almost everyone, regardless of age. Causes, because of which this unpleasant condition develops, many. Because of what comes the puffiness of the legs with heart failure, how to deal with this phenomenon correctly? Are folk remedies always effective, and is it possible to take diuretics with cardiac puffiness in order to restore the former ease?
- Common causes of cardiac puffiness
- Symptoms of cardiac edema
- Diagnosis of cardiac edema
- Treatment of cardiac edema with folk remedies
Common causes of cardiac puffiness
Cardiac edema of the lower extremities develops most often. This zone is more subject to accumulation of liquids than others, since it experiences the greatest load and is constantly directed downwards.
The swelling of the lower limbs indicates problems in the work of the heart. This means that it is unable to pump the right amount of blood from the lower parts of the circulatory system. As a result, the pressure on the walls of the veins increases. Vessels become permeable and pass blood plasma into surrounding tissues. Outwardly it looks like an edema.
With heart failure often swollen legs. However, the causes of pathology can be hidden not only in the state of the heart muscle. Some diseases and pathologies exacerbate cardiac edema. These factors include:
- ischemia of the kidneys;
- hyperfunction of the adrenal glands.
Hypoxia is an oxygen deficiency. Legs swell often due to the fact that in connection with oxygen starvation permeability of the walls of blood vessels increases, and the risk of developing cardiac edema increases.
Cardiac swelling of the feet is often complicated by malfunctioning of the kidneys. Their filtration function is reduced. As a result, the body accumulates fluid and salts, which leads to edema of the lower extremities.
Edema in heart failure may be exacerbated by hyperactivity of the adrenal glands. The hormone aldosterone is very important for maintaining a normal water-salt balance. In some pathologies, aldosterone is produced 20 times more than normal. This provokes retention of water and salts. As a result, a strong puffiness develops.
In addition to the above reasons, the legs are swollen due to such factors:
- excess water consumption;
- too salty food;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- endocrine disorders.
Before you start taking any drugs, it is important to determine the cause of the phenomenon. Not always the use of diuretics gives the desired effect and is safe for the body.
Symptoms of cardiac edema
Swelling of the legs have special signs, by which you can determine the swelling caused by malfunctions in the heart. Getting rid of such manifestations is not always easy. Important advice with your doctor!
Chronic puffiness often indicates a malfunction in the heart. Such edema of the legs with heart failure persists for several days. Symptoms gradually increase. Treatment consists of taking several groups of drugs: only diuretics alone can be useless and even unsafe.
Important!To treat edema of the legs of cardiac (cardiac) origin is only necessary after it becomes clear why they appeared..
Puffiness with this pathology usually develops simultaneously on both legs and gradually increases. The skin looks like this:
- unnaturally shines and acquires a cyanotic shade;
- too taut;
- possible rupture of the skin.
To the touch swollen tissues are cold. When palpation from the places of touch, traces remain. If a person wears socks, there are dents in the area of the eraser in the place of the edema.
Current symptoms intensify late in the evening and after exercise. The situation can be aggravated after a long stay in one position..
Important!Cardiac swelling of the legs in the elderly or those who are more lying down can spread to the abdomen and pelvis. In most people, the problem is located in the area of the feet and ankles. The swelling decreases after a full night rest. Cardiac swelling of the legs and abdomen requires complex treatment..
It is important to be able to distinguish problems related to the work of the heart, and edema caused by the work of the kidneys or other factors. When the legs swell with heart failure, complex treatment is always required. Up to a certain point, folk remedies, adjustment of the diet and volume of consumed liquid help. But with the question "How to relieve edema of cardiac origin?" You need to apply to a doctor if you have such symptoms:
- blood pressure jumps;
- discomfort in the heart zone;
- general weakness and fatigue;
- enlargement of the liver;
- pallor of the skin.
If you do not find out the reasons and do not start treatment on time, other complications develop: body weight increases, hemoglobin decreases, serious liver diseases form.
Before determining how to treat swelling of the legs due to heart failure, it is required to carry out the necessary diagnostic measures.
Diagnosis of cardiac edema
Doctors are in no hurry to prescribe drugs before the survey. What do they do if they suspect of cardiac problems that provoked the development of edema? The following research is carried out:
- blood test;
- Analysis of urine.
All medical measures are aimed at eliminating the root cause of pathology. Reduction of all kinds of symptoms refers to an auxiliary therapy designed to alleviate the condition of the patient.
Diuretic tablets with cardiac edema are prescribed only by a doctor. He can correctly choose the dosage and type of the drug. More often such diuretics are recommended:
With cardiac edema of the legs prescribe drugs that block the work of angiotensin receptors. It could be Candesar or Mikardis. Veroshpiron is prescribed to block receptors for aldosterone with increased activity of the adrenal glands.
"Panangin" contains magnesium and potassium in easily digestible form, therefore it effectively removes cardiac edema and supports the contractile function of the heart. During treatment, it is important to regularly monitor the condition of the body and the heart's work at the cardiologist.
Treatment of cardiac edema with folk remedies
Can I remove puffiness in my legs at home? Herbs are an excellent medicine if applied with the mind and only after consulting a doctor to prevent the development of side effects.
Take away the swelling with the help of such plants:
- chestnut leaves;
A good effect brings the use of these plants for the baths, cooking infusions and decoctions.
You can also fight with swelling at home by correcting some habits and lifestyle. Such exercises will help:
- every evening lie at least 10 minutes with legs above the head;
- lying in bed alternately raise his legs, but it's worth doing slowly.
Thinking about how to remove puffiness in the lower extremities, we must not forget that if you have problems with the work of the heart, you should not drink more water per day. It is important to reduce the amount of salt consumed. We must not forget that most of the products purchased in the store already contain this component. A large amount of salt in the diet exacerbates cardiac edema and prevents the removal of fluid from the body.
Effective foot massage. Do it twice a day: morning and evening. Performing manipulation is important from the fingertips to the groin. You can do light clicks and circular massaging movements. Particularly carefully working out the problem area - foot and ankle. This will help reduce cardiac edema..
Attention! To prevent severe disruption of the vessels, it is worth using special linen - elastic bandages and stockings. These objects maintain normal blood circulation and reduce swelling of the legs..
Some successfully maintain circulation in the legs with a contrast shower and dousing with cold water. Before using this method it is better to consult a doctor, since the procedure has a number of contraindications and can affect the work of the heart.
Other nuances of heart disease and tactics of edema treatment are described in the video:
To save health, it is important to take timely measures when there is edema and other first signs of heart failure. The faster the competent therapy is performed, the less the risk of complications. Only in this case it will be possible to keep the motor activity and cheerfulness for many years!.. .