What is the danger of high hemoglobin, the norms and methods of correction

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2017.09.07
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Hemoglobin

People who take care of their health, ensure that the blood test results correspond to the norm. Everyone knows that the lack of blood in the hemoglobin is fraught with weakness, irritability, dizziness, pre-fainting conditions. But not everyone knows that elevated hemoglobin adversely affects health and leads to dangerous pathological conditions that require urgent care and qualified treatment. Consider the causes of the problem and how dangerous is high hemoglobin?

Structure of red blood cells

Content

  • The norm of hemoglobin
  • Symptoms of increased hemoglobin
  • Causes of the problem
  • What is dangerous is increased hemoglobin

The norm of hemoglobin

Hemoglobin is a protein contained in red blood cells and staining red blood cells in a scarlet color. The hemoblock helps the erythrocytes carry oxygen to the organs and tissues of the body and produce a reverse carbon dioxide outlet. This function is important for the normal functioning of the body. To determine whether the protein indexes correspond to the norm, a general blood test that indicates the hemoglobin content in the erythrocyte is assigned. Indicators depend on many factors: sex, age, lifestyle.

  • For women, the norm is 120-160 g / l.
  • For pregnant women - 110-150 g / l (in this case, hemoglobin slightly decreases, since iron is used by both mother and child).
  • For men, the norm is 130 - 170 g / l.
  • At newborns - 145 - 125 g / l, in the following half a year 95 - 135 g / l, and from year indicators increase. In adolescents, indicators are similar to those of an adult.

If the iron content in the blood is increased, the symptoms will immediately manifest themselves. It is important not to neglect the "alarming bells" of the body.

Normal indicators for adults and children, taking into account age and sex

Symptoms of increased hemoglobin

Symptoms of an increased hemophagus are referred to general ailments, so patients do not always respond to signs, which reduces the chances of a speedy recovery.

Symptoms of increased hemoglobin:

  • Decreased appetite, as a result - weight loss.
  • Frequent migraines.
  • Insomnia.
  • Aching in the joints.
  • Pale skin at the fingertips, a feeling of cold.
  • Appearance on the skin with bruise.
  • Extensions of veins.
  • Increase in pressure and body temperature.
  • Severe itching.

What is bad about elevated hemoglobin? The most dangerous symptom of an increased protein content in the blood is called a thickening of the blood, and blood vessels clog the blood vessels. Therefore, at first sight an innocuous manifestation can carry serious problems and consequences for the organism.

Strong itching is a signal of increased indices, so self-medication is not worth it

Causes of the problem

You can not tolerate large deviations in the hemoglobel index, but permanent hemoglobin can not even be in a healthy person. It is best for the state of human health, if the indicators slightly fluctuate within the limits of the norm, since high hemoglobin threatens to disrupt the functioning of the body. Hemoglobin fluctuations depend on many factors:

  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
  • Disruption of red blood cell production by the red bone marrow.
  • Dehydration.
  • Oncological neoplasms.
  • Hypervitaminosis.
  • Diabetes.
  • Disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.

We identified common causes associated with impaired hemoglobin production. However, there are reasons specific to each gender.

In men, the parameters of the hemophagus depend on the internal state of the organism and the way of life, work activity. Most often, the following categories of men are affected:

  • Men whose work is connected with work at height.
  • Athletes who do not comply with the drinking regime and take steroids and anabolics.
  • Men, whose activities are associated with heavy physical exertion.
  • Smoking men.

In women, elevated hemoglobin is due to the following conditions and factors: work at high altitude, for example: for female flight attendants, for women in the menopause, the state of pregnancy, when the fetus nurses a young mother with a complex of vitamins that contain iron. And it is not known how the unpredictable organism "in position" will perceive them. This includes women who play sports or live in highlands.

Accommodation in high-mountainous areas is the reason for higher rates

Important! In children, unlike adults, the increase in hemoglobin is not related to external factors. If the child has a significantly increased haemobloc, then this indicates the presence of internal diseases or injuries.

What is dangerous is increased hemoglobin

People who are affected by the problem have a logical question: what is the threat of increased hemoglobin, if people are exposed to such a problem as lowered hemoglobin, then they are concerned about its increase. It has long been thought that high hemoglobin is an indicator of health. However, excessively elevated blood glucose values ​​in the blood are not the norm. When the organism becomes saturated with erythrocytes, the body's work is disrupted. Condensation of blood adversely affects the work of organs and tissues due to the fact that the transfer of oxygen to them is difficult. There is a gradual blockage of the capillaries in the vessels, blood flow is disturbed. Probable consequences are the following:

  • Formation of blood clots and plaques on vessels.
  • Gangrene.
  • Infarction and stroke status.
  • Thromboembolism.
  • Death.

We found out, what is dangerous is increased hemoglobin for the organism. In this condition, early diagnostics and timely treatment are important, because neglect of one's own health threatens with serious consequences up to a lethal outcome.

If the hemoglobin has increased, do not delay with treatment, as it is erroneous to believe that high hemoglobin is an indicator of health. Treatment in this case is aimed at lowering the hemophagus and eliminating the factors that led to the development of pathology.

Along with drug therapy, adherence to a special diet with a minimal intake of iron-containing foods and a large the amount of liquid, the use of foods rich in fiber, a change in lifestyle, the rejection of bad habits, the weakening of physical loads. It is easier to prevent dangerous consequences by immediately starting treatment.

The reasons for the increased hemoglobin will tell Dr. Komarovsky:

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