How dangerous are elevated basophils in a child, the causes and treatment
Man exists in the ocean of microorganisms that are not visible to the human eye. Every second along with food, air, water they fall into his body. It is unlikely that a person could have lived long if there were no natural protection in the way of viruses, bacteria, fungi and other harmful microorganisms - the immune system.
It is a collection of organs, tissues and cells responsible for the destruction of foreign agents that have entered the body.
The most important constituent of the immune system are leukocytes. They are called white blood cells, although under a microscope you can see that they are purple-pink.
There are five types of leukocytes:
- What is the use of basophils for the body?
- Causes of basophilia
- What should parents pay attention to?
- How to properly donate blood for analysis
- Treatment of basophilia
- Primary diseases
- Reduction in the number of basophils
What is the use of basophils for the body?
Basophils (basophilic granulocytes) are the largest in size from leukocytes, but at the same time in quantitative terms they are inferior to other leukocytes. The factory for the continuous production of basophils is the bone marrow. First they enter the blood, where they circulate for several hours, then move to the tissues and stay there for 8 to 12 days.
Basophiles perform the following functions.
- Actively involved in the fight against allergens.
- They actively counteract helminths.
- Various toxins are blocked in the tissues.
- Help other leukocytes to move through the walls of the capillaries to the location of the harmful agent.
- They are responsible for the growth of new capillaries.
- Maintain normal blood flow in small blood vessels.
Causes of basophilia
The number of basophils normally ranges from 0 to 1% of all leukocytes. In children, the norm varies with age:
- in newborns the norm is equal to 5%;
- at the age of up to one month %;
- the infant is normal %;
- in children under 12 years of age,%.
If basophils are raised in a child - this is a serious reason for a visit to the doctor..
An increase in basophils in the blood of a child (basophilia) can signal a number of diseases, including severe ones..
- Often elevated basophils in the blood in children cause a food or drug allergy.
- An increase in the number of these leukocytes can provoke insect bites and food poisoning.
- Basophils in a child increase with blood pathologies:
- acute leukemia;
- chronic myelogenous leukemia;
- true polycythemia.
- The level of these leukocytes increases with some infectious diseases (chickenpox and smallpox, helminthiasis).
- For increased levels of basophils in children, other diseases can also be responsible:
- hemolytic anemia (erythrocytes are destroyed more quickly than are formed);
- ulcerative colitis (chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the large intestine);
- Myxedema (decreased production of thyroid hormones);
- nephrosis (pathology of renal tubules);
- chronic sinusitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the paranasal sinuses).
- Basophils can be raised because of treatment with some hormonal drugs.
What should parents pay attention to?
There are no clear signs of basophilia, they depend on the cause that caused the excess of the cell norm. Nevertheless, parents should pay attention to the following signs:
- a prolonged but insignificant increase in the child's body temperature;
- redness and rash on the skin;
- complaints of itching;
- complaints of pain in the joints;
- enlarged spleen.
How to properly donate blood for analysis
As far as the number of these leukocytes goes beyond the limits of the norm, only a blood test can accurately answer. However, the correctness of the procedure for taking blood for analysis is very important. The result of the analysis depends on the diagnosis and the definition of the optimal treatment.
The blood for analysis is taken either from the vein, or from the finger, necessarily in the morning hours. You can not have breakfast, because eating changes the content of basophils and other leukocytes in the blood. In the morning you can drink water, but still. The last meal should be nine hours before the visit to the medical institution. It is not recommended heavy and fatty foods the day before the procedure.
The situation with babies is more complicated. Feed your child at least 2 hours before taking blood..
If medications are taken, and there is no possibility of temporarily giving them up, you should tell the doctor about it..
Treatment of basophilia
The blood test shows the relative and absolute content of basophils. Based on the results obtained, the doctor determines the causes of increased basophil content in the child's body and prescribes a course of treatment.
From basophilia can not get rid of, without curing the disease that caused it..
- In severe cases, for example, with leukemia, a course of treatment is prescribed by the oncohematologist. This can be chemotherapy, radiation and even bone marrow transplantation.
- If basophilia has become the body's response to pathogens, drugs are prescribed depending on which infection is in the body.
- With allergies, appropriate anti-allergic treatment is performed.
Reduction in the number of basophils
- Reduce the level of basophils in the blood and tissues can be, if you stop taking medications that cause increased synthesis of these leukocytes. However, you can not refuse prescribed medications without consulting your doctor.
- Reduce the amount of basophils in the body can be with the use of foods rich in iron. These include:
- sea kale;
- dried mushrooms;
- dried apricots;
- To reduce basophils in the blood and tissues, vitamin B12 deficiency should be eliminated. It is found in such natural products:
- liver beef;
When correcting the child's menu, it is necessary to take into account his age and consult with a specialist in therapeutic nutrition.
More information on the topic can be obtained from the video:.. .