The reasons why bother aching pain in the lower abdomen and chest
Why does the abdomen and breasts hurt women? The causes of these sensations are manifold, and most often they are associated with hormonal changes, pregnancy, lactation, inflammatory processes, localized in the reproductive organs. In some cases, pain is the norm, in others - an occasion for immediate treatment to specialists.
Reason # 1: hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle
Every month the body of a healthy woman prepares for the fertilization of the egg and the bearing of the fetus. Throughout the menstrual cycle, there are serious hormonal changes, accompanied by various symptoms.
If conception does not occur, then the level of progesterone decreases, and menstruation begins, during which the epithelium is removed from the uterus. This process can be accompanied by periodic aching pain in the region of the womb, which is associated with an increased tone of the uterus and its intensive contraction.
The next hormonal leap is observed in the period of ovulation, when the egg leaves the fallopian tubes into the uterine cavity. Some women at this time feel the pulling pains in the lower abdomen (usually on one side), notice the swelling of the chest. In most women, this process is asymptomatic.
90% of women suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which appears a few days before menstruation. Its main symptoms are lower abdominal pain, an increase and soreness of the mammary glands, and an increased sensitivity of the nipples.
During this period, a woman can slightly increase body temperature, headache. There is nausea, dizziness, colorless or white discharge from the vagina that does not have an odor.
If the above symptoms appear every month and last for 2-3 days, then there is no cause for concern.
Reason number 2: pregnancy and lactation
Often in the early stages of pregnancy, the lower abdomen is aching and the chest is aching. The process of embryo implantation in the endometrium in some women is accompanied by weak drawing pains, reminiscent of discomfort during menstruation.
At later stages of pregnancy, painful sensations of the inguinal region appear due to the increase in the uterus, the growth of the fetus. Pain in the abdomen during pregnancy can indicate a threat of interruption.
The main task of all the systems of the body during pregnancy is the full formation of the fetus and its provision with all necessary during the period of gestation and after childbirth. The breast, getting ready for milk production and feeding, increases in size, becomes more sensitive.
Pain in the uterus can appear during lactation. Stimulation of the nipples during breastfeeding in the early postpartum period contributes to the reduction of the uterus, which is necessary for its purification from the remnants of the placenta. So the body prevents the development of the inflammatory process.
With incomplete decantation of milk, lactostasis can develop. This condition provokes the growth of pathogenic microorganisms and leads to inflammation of the mammary glands. Mastitis is accompanied by a sharp increase in temperature, acute pain in the chest, the formation of nodes palpable in palpation.
Strong cramping pains in the uterine region, elevated body temperature can signal an ectopic pregnancy. In this case, rapid surgical intervention is required to prevent rupture of the fallopian tube and hemorrhage.
Reason # 3: diseases of reproductive organs
Regular pains in the lower abdomen and breasts, not associated with the menstrual cycle and pregnancy, may be symptoms of severe diseases: endometriosis, cystic formations, adhesive process in reproductive bodies.
The lower abdomen may ache due to an abnormal anatomical structure and the position of the internal organs (bicornylum, its descent and displacement relative to the center). Pain can increase with sexual intercourse in certain poses. To get rid of them, it is enough to change position.
Pathological processes in the genitals and anomalies of their development are accompanied by a malfunction of the menstrual cycle, profuse menstruation, during which pain increases, and large blood clots leave.
With such feelings it is necessary to visit a gynecologist, in order to diagnose the pathology of development or diseases of the reproductive organs, leading to infertility.
Other causes of chest pain and lower abdomen
Why does the abdomen and chest hurt?
- Diseases of the urinary system. The infection of the inside of the bladder and the development of the inflammatory process is the cause of abdominal pain that worsen during urination. If the dull pain gives in the lower back, then this may indicate a kidney disease.
- Diseases of the intestine are often accompanied by a cutting pain in the abdomen (appendicitis, etc.)
- Inflammatory processes that provoke an increase in lymph nodes (bacterial, fungal, venereal infections, rubella, measles, etc.).
- Oncological processes.
What should I do if I have pain?
Painful sensations associated with the approach or beginning of menstruation are considered normal. To get rid of them, you should take an antispasmodic drug. In the period of gestation and after the birth of the baby, painkillers should be taken at the doctor's recommendation.
If the symptoms of PMS do not allow you to lead the usual rhythm of life, then you need to visit a specialist. From pronounced signs you can get rid of, having passed a course of hormonal treatment.
Severe periodic pain in the lower abdomen in the first trimester of pregnancy can talk about the threat of its interruption or the finding of an embryo outside the uterine cavity. If this symptom occurs, you should contact a specialist urgently.
Regular pains in the chest and lower abdomen require mandatory diagnosis, as they may indicate the growth of cancer cells. Timely detection of pathology will avoid serious complications.
The specialist should be consulted in cases where discomfort can not be eliminated with spasmolytic drugs for three days. It is necessary to see the doctor, if the pains increase in a pregnant woman, the body temperature rises significantly. Regular pain sensations require mandatory diagnosis. Timely detection of pathologies will avoid serious complications.