Countries in which abortions are prohibited
Man, unlike an animal, can regulate his own population, using modern contraception. However, not always taken measures are effective or partners underestimate the possible consequences, refusing protection.
The main way to get rid of an unexpected pregnancy is its artificial interruption (abortion). In most countries of the world, women are available such methods of abortion as emergency contraception, medical abortion, abortion operation.
But not all abortions are free and affordable for the masses. The question arises: which countries prohibit abortion, who leads the rating for the number of abortions? This article is devoted to the investigation of this topic.
Classification by the degree of prohibition of abortion
In many countries of the world, the artificial termination of pregnancy is prohibited in one way or another. Among them there are both the countries of the "third world" and the highly developed, prosperous states of Europe.
In which countries of the world are abortions forbidden? There are three main classifications according to the degree of prohibition of the phenomenon under consideration:
- countries in which abortions are prohibited for any reason, and their commission is a criminal offense, for example, Bangladesh, Mauritania, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Chile, Angola, the Philippines (the ban also includes the use of contraception);
- those where abortions are medically indicated, in the presence of severe fetal diseases, in case of rape of a woman, for example, Israel, Brazil, Morocco, Poland, Mexico;
- state, which takes into account such socio-economic grounds in the manufacture of abortion, as lack of funds to support the child, the death of her husband and others, in particular, India, Finland, Great Britain, Japan.
Along with these, there are countries where the artificial termination of pregnancy in addition to medical and economic reasons, is carried out at the request of a woman. These include the United States, Canada, Australia, a number of countries in Western Europe and the former Soviet Union.
World experience shows that legalization or a complete ban on forced termination of pregnancy does not affect the prevalence of this manipulation. Prohibition of abortion leads to the absence of official statistics on abortion, which does not allow to assess the extent of the problem.
Statistics of abortion by country calls the lowest rates where freedom in this sphere is not limited, for example, in Iceland. However, the aging of the population in most Western European countries does not allow them to take the first place in the population growth rating.
The estimate for the number of abortions is carried out in terms of years, the number of women of fertile age and the population of the country, as well as the number of abortions per 100 births.
Over the past years, the rating of abortions in the world is led by China, the United States and Russia, where from 9 to, millions of pregnancies per year are produced. China is considered the leader of this sad statistics. High indicators are due to loyal state policy, economic crisis, social problems within society. Moreover, the production of abortion has turned into a successful business industry, bringing a huge income. Most women who go to an abortion, choose the comfortable conditions of private clinics. The state is not interested in the loss of taxpayers in the face of paid medical institutions.
The number of abortions in Russia in relation to the number of births is higher than in other countries of the post-Soviet space. Of course, there is positive dynamics. Explicit improvements began to occur, beginning in 2007. However, the separation from Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Estonia and other countries that have the worst socio-economic situation is great.
This diagram shows the ratio of this phenomenon in the countries of the former CIS.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, which can be called objective, the rates of officially registered abortions have decreased over the period from 1990 to 2014, times. Namely, from 4 million to 990 thousand.
Moreover, the researchers of the issue suggest taking into account unofficial statistics, according to which, in Russia, more than 7 million pregnancy interruptions are committed annually.
The lowest data in this field are different in Switzerland and Germany, where abortions are only a few thousand per year. By the way, these countries are characterized by democratic legislation. But even here there is no provision for the termination of pregnancy only in accordance with the desire of a woman. Medical indications are taken into account, as well as incest, rape, a threat from outside persons. Women in Germany pay for abortions on their own. The cost of the procedure is about 1500 thousand euros.
The USSR was one of the first countries to legalize abortion by the Decree of 1920. Any woman could apply to a medical institution freely and for free. The positive effect of this measure was expressed in a 4-fold decrease in the death rate of women in childbirth compared to previous years.
In the 30 years of the last century, as a result of the tightening of legislation, abortions began to be made only for medical reasons. Moreover, the procedure became paid. The law that was banned lasted until the summer of 1954, when abortion was again declared free and free of charge.
The peak of the number of officially produced abortions fell on 1964, of which about 6 million were made. According to the published statistics, during this period our country became the leader in the number of abortions.
Since 2007, the number of procedures has been reduced to 1 million. Great influence was rendered by measures implemented by the state to support motherhood and childhood, effective social and economic policy in general. However, during this period, the townsfolk said that in Russia they want to ban free abortions.
Today, to make an abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy, only the desire of a pregnant woman is enough. To perform the operation at a later date, serious medical grounds are required, for example, a threat to the life of the mother or genetic deformities of the fetus. In case of emergency, abortion is performed at any time.
Opponents of free abortions have long wanted to ban them, speaking with an appropriate legislative initiative. The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) even made a petition regarding the prohibition of abortion. The essence of this document was a total ban on abortion, the prohibition of assisted reproductive technologies and the restriction of the sale of emergency contraceptive drugs.
It was also proposed to provide additional financial support to pregnant women at the expense of budgetary funds. It is difficult for the ROC to expect a different attitude to the issue under consideration, since "killing an infant in the womb" has long been recognized as a mortal sin. The position of the Russian Orthodox Church has found considerable support among many Russians.
Many well-known politicians, members and supporters of the ruling party tried to promote similar ideas. In their opinion, the ban should be an effective method for improving the demographic situation. However, these initiatives did not find a logical continuation and were locked in the "back box".
Why do they want to prohibit abortion?This problem worries the society and requires a phased and correct solution. On the one hand, it is necessary to take into account the rights of women, and on the other, to fight for the birth rate and health of the nation.
In countries where abortion is prohibited, there is an increase in criminal abortions, causing irreparable harm to the reproductive health of women, and the number of infanticide and abandoned children is increasing. Conversely, in well-off countries with high incomes and, accordingly, the life of the population, women do not rush to abortion even if it is free and accessible to them. High level of education, culture and traditional upbringing allows a woman to be wisely planning for pregnancy, bearing and childbirth.