Pityriasis (colorful) lichen on the body and head
Pityriasis is a fungal lesion of the skin, provoked by the pathogen of the genus Pitirosporum. The disease has another definition - a multi-colored one. It is expressed by a specific rash. People suffer from this ailment at any age, but a large proportion of dermatological patients account for adolescents and young adults.
"Season peak" disease selects the summer months, which is due to the peculiarities of the life of fungi.Ideal conditions for them are high temperature and humidity, in particular sweating of the skin. Therefore, in everyday life, pathology is called a sun fungus.
Causes of skin lesions with colorful lichen
Investigating the causes of pityriasis, specialists established the main culprit of skin pathology. It turned out to be a fungal yeast-like bacterium. In the upper layer of the epidermis, she lives constantly, but under special conditions, it activates and spoils the covers.
The human body can become covered with lichen spots due to such factors as:
- weak immunity;
- hyperhidrosis - enhanced sweat production;
- long stay under the hot rays of the heavenly body;
- individual features of skin tissue or body;
- wearing of other people's clothes and use of bed-clothes;
- disease of the upper stratum corneum;
- preferring synthetic things in the wardrobe;
- hereditary predisposition;
- endocrine disorders;
- neglect of hygienic standards.
Despite the variety of factors, a condition such as predisposition is necessary for the development of a multicolored pungent lichen. To predict its occurrence is impossible beforehand, except that the blood relative suffered from this disease..
The contact channel of infection implies close communication of a healthy person with a patient infected with a harmful fungus. In the risk zone are people who abuse body washing antibacterial gel..
Recognize the signs of an impoverished form of lichen
Reproduction of the fungus triggers the synthesis of organic acids that destroy the skin pigment melanin. This leads to the formation on the body of whitish spots, which in time can acquire a light brown or yellowish tonality. Due to the growth and fusion of small foci, the patient develops extensive lesion zones.
The foci are distinguished against a background of healthy tissues of a lighter or darker color. In the summer, they are clearly visible on the body, because they do not change the color when sunbathing. Look at the photo - pityriasis is called notoriously multi-colored. Its foci are white, reddish, brown and pink. The variability of color is determined by the natural shade of the skin of a particular person.
How to understand that the sun fungus appeared on the skin? In general, an inflammatory response to the integument is not observed. "Behavior" of the affected areas is as follows:
- they do not hurt;
- Do not swell;
- Do not distort the original color;
- Do not give anxiety in the form of itchy sensations.
Foci are not characterized by even asymmetric contours. A characteristic symptom of pityriasis is the so-called fringe. It is formed as a result of sloughing off small scales that have fallen from the affected areas. Exfoliated particles of the epidermis are similar to bran..
Follicular form of the disease is expressed by small papules (up to 3 mm), popping up in the area of hair bulbs on the chest, back, extremities. The process of formation of elements is accompanied by itching. This type of disease occurs in diabetics, as well as with prolonged use of drugs from groups of antibiotics or steroids..
When the disease affected the scalp, its timely detection is difficult. To diagnose a doctor, use a fluorescent lamp of Wood, in the light of which problem areas acquire a specific color.
Pathology is expressed by scaly yellow or brown spots that itch. In patients, hair loss begins with the formation of small bald spots. Most of the foci are formed in the parietal and occipital areas. They are characterized by small size and irregular shape. The photo shows pictures of foci of pityriasis on her head.
Is the sun fungus dangerous and can it be avoided?
Fungal disease does not pose a serious threat to health, it does not bite a person to bed. However, pathology tends to relapse, which significantly reduces the quality of life.
Pregnant women suffering from deprivation may not be afraid for the development and health of the unborn child. It is important that they pay attention to the problem in time and start to solve it, coordinating all therapeutic measures with a specialist. Treatment of pregnant women from a multicolored pityriasis lichen consists in the appointment of antihistamines, relieving of itching, and medications with antiviral and antifungal effects..
It is very simple to get rid of lichen foci with the help of oxalic gruel. For its preparation fresh crushed leaves are mixed with fatty sour cream. The composition is used to lubricate problem areas for 10 days. The procedure is performed twice a day..
Prevention of the disease is a medical examination of all family members of the patient. As mentioned above, the diagnosis is carried out with the participation of a fluorescent lamp. During the consultation, the expert gives advice on the care of clothes and clothes. All things should be washed and disinfected. Ironing should be carried out on both sides with an iron, heated to a high temperature (as far as is acceptable for a particular fabric).
Cleanliness and sterility with a solar fungus are the key to successful healing from ailment. Such scrupulous measures significantly shorten the period of struggle against pathology. The dermatologist should be visited until he is satisfied that the patient is fully recovered.
As you can see, the disease is not too terrible. The main thing is not to let the situation run amok, warning the running forms.