How to treat nail fungus atifinom
To infect a fungus a person can in any place where other people gather. Especially the risk is high in conditions of high humidity.
Without taking any measures to protect the body from infection, a person subsequently encounters such a nuisance as a fungus on the nails - onychomycosis. From there the mycelium spreads to healthy tissues and progresses.
Successfully curing onychomycosis is easiest at an early stage, using antifungal agents. The group of antimycotics includes the drug Atifin. Doctors prescribe it for all indications associated with fungal infection.
Atifin: composition and pharmacological properties
Manufacturer KRKA (Slovenia) produces Atifin in two forms - cream and tablets. The active component of the drug is terbinafine hydrochloride. A set of excipients depends on the specific form of the drug.
For example, the tablets further contain magnesium stearate, cellulose, anhydrous silicon, povidone, lactose monohydrate, talc. The cream contains water, stearyl, cetyl and benzyl alcohols, polysorbate, sodium hydroxide, isopropyl and cetyl palmitate.
Atifin represents a group of broad-spectrum antifungal agents. Low concentrations of terbinafine hydrochloride are detrimental to dermatophytes, mold and dimorphic strains (the substance exhibits fungicidal properties here). Fungistatic effect of the drug manifests itself in the yeast flora, but it can also work as a fungicidal agent.
The active component of Atifin inhibits the production of squalene-epoxidase and disrupts the synthesis of ergosterol, which is fraught with a mycelium by destruction of structure and death. To the deactivation of the pathogen leads and the accumulation of squalene inside his body. Oral administration of Atifin gives a cumulative effect - the active substance is concentrated in the nails and skin in an amount that allows the medicine to exhibit fungicidal properties..
External application of the cream has a slight systemic effect. Epidermis and nail tissue absorbed no more than 5% of the applied dose..
Indications and contraindications
Choosing this or that form of Atifin for the treatment of a fungus in a particular patient, the dermatologist is guided by the following indications:
- Mycosis of the nail and smooth skin.
- Trichophytosis of the skin.
- Candidiasis of mucous tissues.
- Dermatomycosis of the feet.
- Epidermophytosis of the inguinal zone.
- Multicolored lichen.
- Fungal infection of the scalp.
With caution Atifin is prescribed to patients who have a history of psoriasis, hepatic or renal insufficiency, oncological pathologies, blood diseases and alcoholism.
Absolute contraindications to the use of tablets and cream Atifin against mycosis and onychomycosis are the early age of the child (up to 2 years), pregnancy in a woman and breastfeeding, as well as hypersensitivity to any component of the medicament facilities..
Simultaneous reception of Atifin tablets with oral contraceptives can cause malfunctions in the menstrual cycle. In this regard, women who prefer this method of protection from pregnancy, it is recommended to additionally use barrier methods against unwanted conception..
How to treat nail fungus atifinom
Fungicidal cream Atifin according to the instructions are applied to the affected nail fungus several times a day.
The medicine is treated with steamed and polished plates and gently rubbed the layer. The duration of therapy is determined by the degree of onychomycosis and on average is 10 days. In the absence of the result, the patient should repeatedly contact the dermatologist and undergo the examination again.
Tablets Atifin the doctor prescribes for systemic treatment of onychomycosis, focusing on the answers of a complex study of the pathogen. Take the pill before eating an oral dose of 1 pc. per day (dosage of 250 mg is for adults).
For children over 2 years of age, Atifin dosage is calculated based on the exact age and body weight:
- 63 mg / day - for a baby weighing 12 - 20 kg.
- 124 mg - from 20 to 40 kg.
- 250 mg - for a child weighing more than 40 kg.
With onychomycosis, use Atifin is recommended for 6 to 12 weeks. If the nail plates grow too slowly, therapy can last more than 3 months. Regular use of the drug can effectively treat extensive nail lesions and subungual hyperkeratosis..
In the treatment of mycosis Atifin important to control the level of transaminases. Occasionally, amid fungicide admission, patients develop cholestasis or hepatitis, or psoriasis worsens. In such cases, the medicine is canceled..
Overdose and side effects
The doctors do not warn about the inadmissibility of an overdose of the cream, since such cases are not known.
If there is such a situation that the external remedy appeared in the mouth, and was swallowed, it causes pain in the stomach, dizziness, nausea. The same symptoms are typical for overdose of tablets, which were taken at variance with medical appointments. To eliminate signs of intoxication, the patient is prescribed symptomatic therapy and Activated charcoal.
Of the side effects with proper use of Atifin may occur itching, burning and redness of the treated tissues. Because of the pill, people can feel nausea, heaviness in the stomach, weakness, headache. May develop urticaria, diarrhea, myalgia and arthralgia.
In rare cases, tablets with terbinafine hydrochloride cause the following negative changes:
- Hair loss.
- Temporary loss of taste.
- Exacerbation of psoriasis.
- Serum sickness.
- Cholestatic jaundice.
- Depression and unreasonable anxiety.
If the patient exhibits similar abnormalities, instead of Atifin, he is assigned analogs - Thermicon, Exifin, Exeter, Lamisil, Myconorm and other fungicides.
Reviews and Price
In general, Atifin as a remedy for nail fungus is well tolerated by the body, as evidenced by the reviews of patients. Many people were treated only with the help of a cream, applying it for 1 to 2 months.
In neglected situations, the antifungal drug was administered internally. The quality control of the therapy was carried out 12 months after the end of the systemic exposure to the pathogen, and the results each time showed excellent results. Fungal strains were destroyed and did not recur.
Many patients Atifin from nail fungus attracted an affordable price. It is much cheaper than some analogues, but the effectiveness of the impact is not worse. The average cost of the cream is 180 rubles.
The price of tablets, 250 mg, 28 pcs. - 1850 rubles.
Of the adverse reactions in some comments, consumers note nausea, distortion of gustatory sensations during meals, minor rash of urticaria and frustration of defecation. But all the negative effects disappeared on their own for several days. With a mild form of onychomycosis, complete recovery was recorded after a week of treatment, which was confirmed by laboratory tests.
P.S. Thus, Atifin is a cheap and effective cure for the nail fungus. When used correctly, the plates grow healthy and strong.