Symptoms of a fungus in the throat. Than to treat at the adult and the child
Fungus in the throat (pharyngicosis, fungal angina) is an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane, which becomes the result of the oral cavity with mycotic infection.
Pharyngomycosis affects children and adults with weakened immunity, as well as patients who use inhaled corticosteroids and wear dentures.
In adults, fungal angina often combines with glossitis, gingivitis, cheilitis or stomatitis. In children, thrush in the mouth flows in a pure form.
Causes of pharyngomycosis
The causes of the development of the disease in the throat are fungi of the genus Candida - conditionally pathogenic flora, which in reasonable quantities is always present in the human body. Candida live in the mucous membranes and do not cause trouble to a person as long as the immune system remains strong enough and able to withstand the development of infection.
Factors predisposing to deterioration of immunity are:
- Pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Frequent viral diagnoses.
- Endocrine disorders.
- Systemic blood diseases.
- Injuries of the pharyngeal mucosa.
- Dental diseases.
- The use of oral contraceptives.
- Long-term treatment with glucocorticosteroids or antibiotics.
- Malignant processes. The development of tumors leads to disruption of protein and carbohydrate metabolism, depletes the body and makes it unstable to infection with pathogens.
In children, fungal angina develops because of the incidence of a pregnant woman with thrush. The causative agent penetrates to the fetus through the placenta, amniotic water or the umbilical cord. Also, infection occurs at the time of delivery or even after them, if the nursing staff violates sanitary and hygienic standards when caring for a newborn.
At home, a child of up to 1 year of age becomes infected by a milkmaid from a mother during breastfeeding if the woman is sick with vaginal candidiasis..
From the age of 2, the toddler gets infected in everyday life by using family dishes, towels, combs and toothbrushes of other family members and other items. Symptoms of infection with a fungus in a child can be observed after being in public institutions for children..
Symptoms of a fungal infection in the throat
The main symptoms of the fungus in the throat are whitish spots and spots on the mucous surface of the oropharynx, which looks edematic and creates severe discomfort. Curd extracts eat away tender tissues, causing them to ulcerate and blister. The patient notes the increased sensitivity of the oral cavity.
Other signs of pharyngomycosis:
- Pain when swallowing.
- Poor appetite.
- Burning, dryness and a feeling of scratching in the mouth.
- Hyperthermia with subfebrile body temperature.
- Soreness and enlargement of regional lymph nodes (cervical lymphadenitis).
- Snivels in the corners of the mouth, bright outlines and infiltration of the lip rim, cracks in the corners of the mouth (evidence of concomitant glossitis and candidal cheilitis).
Usually, pharyngomycosis provokes a candida flora, so the plaque in the mouth will be white and curdled with consistency. The film easily scrays, underneath it is seen edematous inflamed mucous tissue of the oropharynx. Ulcerated foci can bleed..
If fungal angina is associated with infection of the oral cavity with mold strains, the plaque looks yellowish and does not lend itself to removal. Plaque mold molding resembles the appearance of foci of diphtheria..
How the fungus will be treated in the throat, the doctor will decide after studying the symptoms of the patient and their comparison with the photos that are found in the medical literature. We offer a look at a selection of photographs with characteristic signs of pharyngomycosis.
Treatment of fungal sore throat with medicines
The procedure for treatment of Candida fungus in the throat of otolaryngologists is developed on the basis of visual data and analysis of the smear taken from the throat. Screening for a colored smear reveals mycotic cells, pseudomycelia and spores. The culture study determines the type of pathogen and its sensitivity to antibacterial drugs.
To establish the cause of pharyngomycosis the patient is helped by tests for diabetes mellitus, syphilis, HIV and hepatitis. For the successful treatment of fungal infection of the throat, it is important to differentiate it from true angina, pharyngitis, bacterial involvement of the oropharynx and throat cancer.
The doctor knows how to treat a fungus in the throat of an adult, so it's easy to make a therapeutic course. In mild cases, you can do with local treatment of the oral cavity, using one of the ointments:
- Amphotericin - destroys any active fungal infection. The drug is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women, newborns and patients with a history of liver disease, as well as hypersensitivity to the active component.
- Clotrimazole - a powerful fungicidal drug penetrates into the fungal body and inhibits the development of the pathogen. In pregnancy, individual intolerance of the drug and liver abnormalities, this ointment is not used. Sometimes clotrimazole causes itching and the appearance of red spots in the treatment area.
Of antiseptics for the treatment of fungus in the throat in a child or a patient of the older age group, Miramistin, Chlorhexidine, Lugol's solution, Oxyquinoline, Natamycin are prescribed. Drugs alternate weekly. They are used for the treatment of the posterior pharyngeal wall, lavage of tonsils and endopharyngeal installations.
In a mild form, pharyngicosis can be cured by multiple alkalization of the oral cavity. To this end, use:
- The borax solution is 10-20%.
- Aqueous solutions of aniline dyes 1%.
- A solution of conventional baking soda is 25%.
With an average degree of severity, fungal angina is treated with levorin, nystatin or decamine ointments. Processing is carried out 3 - 4 p. per day for 10 days..
The fungus in the throat can be cured with fungicidal tablets. These are Nystatin, Levorin, Decamine, Fluconazole, Itraconazole, Terbinafine, Diflucan, Ketoconazole, Mycoflucan, etc. In the acute stage, the medicine prescribed by the doctor is taken 7 to 14 days..
After repayment of the relapse, the tablets are drunk with prophylactic dosage. Complicated forms of pharyngomycosis are subject to inpatient therapy. To completely destroy the fungal infection, it is also necessary to drink restorative medications:
- Polyvitaminic complexes.
- Probiotics (Linex, Yogurt, Bifiform).
- Immunomodulators (Immudon, Arbidol, extract of echinacea or ginseng, Immunal, Polyoxidonium).
Features of pharyngicemia treatment in children
Decide what to treat the fungus in the throat of a child, without consulting a doctor, parents should not. After examining the baby and confirming the diagnosis, the pediatrician or ENT specialist will prescribe the treatment oral cavity decoctions of oak bark or calendula flowers, borax solutions with glycerin or food soda.
From medicamentous preparations from a fungal quinsy to the child appoint:
- Drops of Pimafucin.
- Tea tree oil.
- Spray Nizoral.
- Miramistin solution.
- Ointment with clotrimazole.
Breastfeeding during treatment of thrush in the mouth can not be excommunicated from the mother. But before each feeding, a woman should treat the nipple with an antiseptic and the adjacent area. If the baby is transferred to artificial feeding, all its bottles, nipples and pacifiers are subject to thorough sterilization.
From the nutrition of older children who eat different foods, for the period of therapy they remove acute, acidic, salty and spicy dishes that promote irritation of the mucosa. Sweet, sugar, sour fruits and vegetables are harmful. Diet during the treatment of candida fungus in the mouth should be gentle.
An approximate ration for a small patient:
- Viscous cereal (any).
- Mashed vegetables.
- Lenten soups on fish / meat broth.
- Abundant drink (compotes, fruit drinks, phyto-tea, bottles, still water).
Prevention of infection of the throat with a fungus reduces to the fact that a person must keep clean oral cavity, without using foreign toothbrushes and without giving your own hygiene accessory to others people.
Toothpaste is desirable to buy with the content of antimicrobial components. After each meal, rinse your mouth with boiled water. It is necessary to timely treat caries, periodontitis, stomatitis, tonsillitis and other pathologies of the oral cavity.