Principles and types of laser treatment of snoring
Table of contents
- Classical method of treatment
- Radio Frequency Treatment
- Laser palatoplasty
Treatment of snoring with laser is the only effective method of eliminating this pathology. Snoring is a serious disorder that has a negative impact on the patient's life, as well as on the physiological processes in the body. Problems with breathing during sleep can lead to the formation of various serious disorders in the body - this is the daytime drowsiness, fatigue, weakness, tachycardia, arrhythmia, increased arterial and cardiac pressure, increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. With a snoring serious danger is the appearance of seizures of sleep apnea, until the complete cessation of breathing and death.
In severe cases for the treatment of snoring, the operation is applied - uvuloplasty, which is designed for Restoring the normal physiological state of the respiratory tract and establishing flow air.
Uvuloplasty is carried out in several ways. Physicians perform correction of anatomical features of palatine arches, tonsils, tongue, soft palate. Intervention by operation is directed:
- On the opening of space in the pharynx.
- To increase the density of the tissues of the sky.
- On the prevention of aggravation of the patient's condition.
Classical method of treatment
Classical uvuloplasty is an operative intervention aimed at partial or complete removal of the palatine by means of a scalpel. The result is:
- Reducing the size of the soft palate.
- All obstacles preventing the flow of air from passing normally are removed.
- Fabrics of the sky are strengthened, thanks to the formation of post-operative scars.
After the operation, the vibration of the tissues of the sky disappears during breathing in sleep, so snoring disappears.
The operation is performed without general anesthesia, enough injection of novocaine in the place of manipulation. After numbness of the site with a scalpel, the tissues of the palatine tongue are cut out. The treatment is out-patient, the process itself takes about 30 minutes. Rehabilitation after surgery is carried out for 8-9 days.
Radio Frequency Treatment
The second method of treatment is radiofrequency uranoplasty. Quite an effective method for snoring. In the process, an electric current is used to shorten and compact the tissues of the soft palate and palatal tongue. Due to this, vibration is almost completely eliminated when breathing in a dream, and snoring is gradually passed from this.
Uranoplasty radio frequencies are periodically used to treat snoring. And they attribute this to the fact that one of the most common causes of snoring is the vibration of the wall of the sky and the tongue during breathing in a dream. Radiofrequency uranoplasty compresses tissues (due to this they shorten) and gives them greater elasticity and hardness, while significantly reducing the likelihood of vibration.
The duration of the procedure is not more than 30 minutes. The operation itself is not very painful, it is conducted in an outpatient setting, in the doctor's office. Rehabilitation after surgery does not take a lot of time. Usually, three days after the intervention, the patient can live his usual life.
After a radio wave uranoplasty, a significant number of patients note the presence of mild pain in the throat, which itself disappears within a couple of days. Eliminate the pain can be with the usual painkillers: tablets or sprays.
Snoring will gradually decrease within 4 weeks after surgery.
Radiofrequency uranoplasty is a new way to get rid of snoring, so it's difficult to say exactly about the long-term results of the method.
Complications may occur during surgery, but this happens very rarely. When exposed to radio frequency, nearby blood vessels and tissues may be damaged. The patient after the procedure can feel:
- Swelling, pain, bleeding, suppuration.
- Difficulty during swallowing.
- Change of voice.
- The airways in the nasopharynx can narrow.
Radiowave palatoplasty provides for shortening and thickening of the tissues of the soft palate and palatal tongue due to scar formation. The procedure increases the clearance of the respiratory tube and minimizes the vibration of the tissues from the passing airflow. The results are achieved due to the removal of part of the tissues of the palatine curtain and palatal tongue. This method allows you to significantly reduce the trauma of nearby tissues and immediately stop bleeding.
Palatoplasty has several advantages over classical uvuloplasty:
- Reduces the volume of lost blood during the procedure due to instantaneous sealing of the damaged vessel.
- The exposure to radio waves is limited solely to the operating wound.
- Scars are thin, not causing discomfort.
- Practically painless operation due to anesthesia.
- After surgery, the patient feels a minimum of pain.
The efficiency of this method is very high and is of the order of 80-90%. Treatment is carried out one-time during the day. Rehabilitation after surgery lasts about a week, 4-6 days, can be accompanied by minor discomfort and minor pain. Within a month, the sky is formed and complete healing takes place. Then you can evaluate the effect. The strength and frequency of snoring should decrease. Also, due to the operation, the frequency of nocturnal sleep apnea should decrease.
Complications may occur immediately after the operation, and after a certain time. There may be changes in the voice, inflammatory processes in the operating area. But if you follow all the medical recommendations, you can avoid undesirable consequences.
Treatment of snoring with a laser is performed in the doctor's office, under the influence of local anesthesia. In the process, the laser cuts the tissues of the soft palate on both sides. Small wounds are made, which, tightening, raise the sky. Laser knife not only cuts excess sagging tissue, but also instantly stops the blood. The operation is also carried out in a short period of time, while the volume of lost blood is significantly reduced. The risk of developing inflammation on the wound surface is reduced.
Laser treatment of snoring is carried out for several operations, this increases the effectiveness of the method. Usually there are 5 procedures. As a result of the operation, the tissues of the palate and tongue harden and harden, the tissue ceases to vibrate from the airflow, like a sheet in the wind.
Rehabilitation after surgery lasts several weeks. After surgery, the patient will necessarily feel pain in the throat. This will continue for a couple of weeks. Often the pain in the throat will be accompanied by pain in the ear. Pain pain relievers and anesthetic rinses can be used to reduce the pain syndrome. The doctor prescribes a diet that excludes acidic foods. Completely wounds heal in a few weeks (3-4). Cropped tissues are scarred, tightened and hardened. This leads to a gradual decrease in the strength of snoring.
Getting rid of snoring with a laser can be accompanied by side effects. There may be dryness in the throat, pain in the ears, temporary changes in the voice, very rarely bleeding and the development of infection.
Already many people who dream of getting rid of snoring appealed for help to specialized clinics. Patients left their comments (mostly positive) about different methods of correction of soft palate tissues.