Deviation from the norm of leukocytes and platelets, the basic functions of cells

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2017.08.21
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Blood test

Deviations from the norm in blood indicators indicate the presence of pathology in the body. After all, the blood cells react sharply to the negative effects on human health. If the platelets and lymphocytes in the blood are increased, what does it say? Can they be lowered?

Content

  • The role of cells in the human body
  • Increased platelets
  • The reasons for the increase in white blood cells
  • Concurrent thrombocytosis and lymphocytosis
  • Reduction of blood cells

The role of cells in the human body

The formation of platelets occurs when the cytoplasmic sites are cleaved from the megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. Cells live 11 days, after which they are destroyed in the liver or spleen.

Platelets are useful components of blood. Their task is to stop the blood and restore the structure of the vessels in case of damage. The activity of cells is noticeable to a person when he is injured or wounded. If there were no cells, the blood would lose the ability to fold, so any damage would be fatal for a person.

Leukocytes are considered to be very valuable cells of the blood. These include lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils and monocytes. They perform the role of protecting the body from pathogenic effects, support the activity of the immune system, prevent the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the body. These cells are capable of absorbing and digesting foreign agents.

With the development of the inflammatory process in the body, active production of leukocytes takes place, which are directed to the elimination of pathology. Many die in the fight, because of which there is a purulent process. Pus and there are deceased leukocytes.

Platelets

Increased platelets

When platelets are elevated in the blood of a person, doctors talk about thrombocytosis. This condition is pathological and physiological. The reasons for the increase in the concentration of cells that are not associated with diseases are:

  • Monthly.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Intensive physical activity.
  • Reception of medical preparations.

Among the pathologies that can cause thrombocytosis, we can distinguish:

  • Malignant neoplasms of internal organs and blood.
  • Infectious diseases that occur in an acute form.
  • Development of inflammatory processes in the body.
  • Autoimmune disorders.
  • Failure in the liver and gallbladder.
  • Surgery to remove the spleen.
  • Defeat of the bone marrow.
  • Bleeding.
  • Obesity.
  • Stress.

To cause deviations from the norm of platelets can the use of alcoholic drinks on the eve of blood donation for analysis. Just an incorrect result is possible because of incorrect technique of performing the research in the laboratory.

The increased level is due to a variety of reasons. Some do not depend on the will of the person, and others each patient can eliminate on their own, for example: stop drinking alcohol.

With thrombocytosis, people experience symptoms that are characteristic of the disease that caused it. The main clinical manifestations are:

  • Regular headaches.
  • Enlarged spleen.
  • Soreness in the abdomen.
  • Occurrence of blood clots in the vessels and symptoms of ischemia in these zones.
  • Blood circulation disorders, manifested in numbness of the legs and hands, cyanosis of the veil, varicose veins, limb edema.
Important!!! If platelets are rapidly rising, then there is a risk of blood clots. This pathological condition leads to heart attack, stroke and death.
Cancer cells lead to increased platelets

The reasons for the increase in white blood cells

If the lymphocytes are raised, then there is lymphocytosis. It develops due to infectious pathologies, acute allergic reaction, anaphylactic shock, the appearance of malignant and benign neoplasms, autoimmune disorders.

In addition to these diseases, an increase in the level of lymphocytes can provoke:

  1. Operative intervention. When a person suffers an operation, the number of leukocytes always increases in the blood. This condition is not dangerous for health, the indicator is normalized after the body is fully restored.
  2. Defective food. This factor can lead to a weakening of the work of immunity. Usually, in order to restore the level of lymphocytes, it is enough to adjust the diet. With a strong weakening of the body will need medical help.
  3. Acceptance of certain medicines. The increase in the number of cells due to this factor does not pose a threat to health, the indicator is normalized once reception is discontinued.

Concurrent thrombocytosis and lymphocytosis

Often the deviation of one indicator leads to a change in the other. Therefore, it is possible to meet such a combination as simultaneous lymphocytosis and thrombocytosis. This is possible if there are pathologies in the body.

The reasons for the increased level of platelets and lymphocytes include:

  1. Inflammatory processes.
  2. Pathology of infectious, bacterial, viral or fungal nature.
  3. Oncological pathologies.
  4. Copious bleeding.
  5. The period of rehabilitation after surgery.
  6. Generic activity and recovery after it.
  7. Surgery to remove the spleen.
  8. Diseases of blood and bone marrow.

Physiological factors provoke an increase in blood cells. In this case there is no danger to the body, the concentration does not need to be reduced, it is normalized on its own.

The postoperative period promotes a change in the number of blood cells

Reduction of blood cells

The number of platelets and leukocytes is reduced due to many factors. Most often they are:

  • Abuse of alcoholic beverages. Ethyl alcohol, contained in such products, causes a violation of the production of blood cells.
  • Lack of vitamin B12 and folic acid.
  • Unbalanced diet or fasting. Reduced blood levels due to this factor is usually in women who are trying to lose weight and sit on diets.
  • Reception of medical preparations.
  • Infectious pathology.
  • Stressful situations.
  • Leukemia in acute form.
  • Sepsis.
  • HIV infection.
  • Failure in the work of endocrine organs.
  • Oncology.
The blood of a drunk man causes a decrease in cells

Low or high levels of platelets and leukocytes in the blood indicate the development of pathology in the body. The best preventive measure is the regular delivery of a blood test, at least twice a year. Only in this way will it be possible to keep all indicators under control and eliminate health problems.

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