What is the norm of platelets in the blood of men?
Table of contents
- The norm of platelets for a healthy man
- Symptoms and treatment of thrombocytopenia
- Thrombocytosis in men
Platelets are blood plates that form in the cells of the red bone marrow. They participate in the processes of thrombosis and homeostasis. These blood cells are responsible for maintaining the viscosity of blood at a certain level, resorption of already formed blood clots and prevention of damage to the walls of blood vessels.
In the laboratory study of blood composition, the main characteristics are the presence of leukocytes and erythrocytes, as well as platelets. The content of platelets allows us to make a conclusion about the coagulability of blood. This indicator determines how much the body is able to combat the bleeding that has occurred, and avoids the consequences of severe blood loss.
The norm of platelets for a healthy man
The normal content of platelets in the blood is determined taking into account various factors. The norm of platelets in the blood of women, men and children will be different. In addition, if in men the level of these blood cells does not depend on the time of blood sampling for analysis, in women, a decrease in their level may be associated with menstruation or pregnancy.
If the platelets are normal, then it can be argued that the process of hematopoiesis in the body proceeds normally. The life cycle of platelets is 7-10 days, they need constant updating. In a healthy organism, old platelets are disposed of and new ones are formed. Old blood cells are disposed of in the spleen and liver. The updating process proceeds continuously.
If the blood vessel is damaged, the platelets are sent to the site of injury. They stick together and stick to the wall of the vessel. As a result, a thrombus is formed. This blood clot prevents further bleeding.
Violation of the balance of the production of new cells and the processing of old cells for one reason or another leads to the appearance of pathologies. If the level of platelets is increased, then the body can begin to form clots. If the level is lowered, there may be increased bleeding. Both these pathologies are dangerous.
Platelets, the norm of which for men is from 180 to 320 billion / l, can be lowered because of blood loss.It is for this reason that women have lowered their levels during menstruation. However, the reduction associated with blood loss should be temporary.
The pathological condition associated with a decrease in the level of platelets in the blood is called thrombocytopenia. And excess of norm is called thrombocytosis.
Symptoms and treatment of thrombocytopenia
If there are too few platelets in the blood of men, thrombocytopenia occurs, which is characterized by a decrease in blood coagulability. This pathology is dangerous because in the event of bleeding it will be difficult to stop. The blood becomes less viscous than usual, and a thrombus does not occur at the site of vascular injury. The walls of the blood vessels become brittle, fragile and lose their elasticity.
Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include the following symptoms:
- easy bruising;
- bleeding gums;
- frequent bleeding from the nose or intestines;
- women can have prolonged and profuse menstruation;
- when cut, the blood does not stop for a long time;
- specific eruptions on the body.
The causes of the pathology can be different:
- allergy to medication;
- violation of the immune system, in which antibodies are produced in the body, the action of which is directed to platelets;
- some infections, intoxication, hyperthyroidism;
- deficiency of folic acid or B12-deficiency anemia.
Thrombocytopenia does not cause any ailments, but if you refuse to treat it, internal bleeding may occur. The most dangerous outcome is a brain hemorrhage.
For treatment, it is necessary to undergo a thorough examination to determine the causes of the pathology. However, in some cases, thrombocytopenia is treated as a major disease. Indications for this may be the presence of severe hemorrhagic syndrome, in which subcutaneous hemorrhage and bleeding of mucous membranes occur.
Methods of treatment can be as follows:
- intravenous immunoglobulin;
- hormonal therapy;
- transfusion of platelet mass obtained from donor blood;
- introduction of serum with D-antigen.
In those cases when the treatment does not work, or if the effect of glucocorticoid hormone therapy is not sustainable, the patient may be recommended to remove the spleen. In 3 cases out of 4 this brings a complete cure.
Patients should preferably be under constant supervision of the hematologist. It is recommended to avoid those activities that can lead to injuries. Under the prohibition of alcohol, dishes with vinegar, analgin, aspirin.
Thrombocytosis in men
The increase in platelet count, leading to an increase in blood coagulability, is called thrombocytosis. This pathology can be primary or secondary. Primary thrombocytosis develops due to the fact that the operation of bone marrow stem cells is disrupted. There is no significant symptomatology of the disease and can be accompanied only by headaches, which are typical for different conditions. The pathology is most often detected accidentally when performing a general blood test.
Secondary thrombocytosis can be caused by trauma, inflammatory processes, infectious and cancerous diseases, removal of the spleen and other surgical interventions, as well as a lack of iron or when taking some medicines.
If the increase in platelets in men is not significant (up to 520 billion / l), then you can bring it back to normal with a diet.
It is necessary to eat foods that contribute to the dilution of blood: lemon, fish oil, linseed or olive oil, garlic, onions, sour berries. It is necessary to drink at least 2 liters of clean water a day and eat foods rich in magnesium. It is forbidden to eat foods that contribute to thrombus formation: mangoes, bananas, walnuts and the like.
Thus, the level of platelets in men, corresponding to the norm, is one of the indicators of health. Deviation in one direction or another is equally dangerous, therefore requires detailed examination, drug treatment and diet.