Because of what there is a fungus on the lips and how it looks

Fungus on the lips is a yeast-like infection caused by the action of fungi of the genus Candida. Being a part of a healthy microflora, in a certain amount they occupy the mucous membranes of a person and do not give him any discomfort. Various external and internal factors can provoke their passage into a pathogenic form. In any case, the appearance of specific symptoms signals the presence of malfunctions in the body and requires specialist advice.

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Content

  • 1Features of pathology
  • 2Symptomatology of the disease
  • 3Factors of occurrence

Features of pathology

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Fungus is a very unpleasant problem, which causes adults and children considerable discomfort. In addition to painful sensations, pathology brings inconvenience from an aesthetic point of view.

It is important to note that the disease often appears locally, while the affected area is formed in isolation and only in the region of the lips. But in most cases, pathology is a kind of complicated condition caused by the development of an aggravated stage of candidal involvement of the oral cavity.

In this case, the disease can be a consequence of the progression of such pathologies of the oral mucosa as:

  • stomatitis;
  • cheilitis;
  • gingivitis;
  • tonsillitis;
  • pharyngitis.

Candidiasis is the defeat of the mucous membranes and internal organs of the person, caused by the active growth of mycotic agents of the genus Candida. It is the defeat of the skin and the corners of the lips often entails the development of candidal cheilitis.

A special feature of this disease is the defeat of the red border of the lips (first the lower, and then the upper). Also, jaunts may occur - specific cracks in the corners of the lips.

In the etiology of the disease, there are 2 main ways of transmission of a fungal infection:

  • Internal way. In this case, the source of distribution of pathogenic agents is the human body itself. This means that with the normal functioning of the immune system, opportunistic fungi are part of a healthy microflora and do not give a person any discomfort. In the case of weakening of immunity, fungi can actively grow and penetrate deeper layers of skin and mucous membranes of the oral cavity. It is the pathogenic form that causes candidiasis on the lips.
  • External method. In some situations, the disease occurs due to external influences on the skin and mucous membranes of harmful agents having a bacterial or viral origin.

The development of relapses of pathology depends on the state of the human immune system. It should be noted that the fungus can occur with a regular frequency. This is due to the fact that the pathogen does not completely die, but remains in the epithelial layers of the skin.

At any suitable occasion, he is able to declare himself again. That is why the manifestation of the fungus on the lips and its treatment will depend on the observance of preventive measures aimed at increasing the body's defenses.

Symptomatology of the disease

The first changes are often observed in the mouth, when the mucous membrane of the tongue or cheeks develops a slight swelling and redness. In rare cases, the focus of inflammation affects the palatine tonsils. The initial stage of candidiasis quickly flows into its active phase, so that the lesion covers the areas of the lips.

The patient has the following symptoms of a fungal infection:

  • Initially, on the lower lip (predominantly), and then the upper lip, small bubble formations appear, gradually forming a specific plaque. It acquires a gray or white color;
  • Active growth of pathogenic agents leads to the formation of seizures in one of the corners of the lips. The affected area is brightly outlined, has a clear outline, and the site itself blushes and flakes. Infection can also pass to the second corner of the lips;
  • After a few days, an erosive sore can be found at the site of the seizure. She gives the patient discomfort. A person is worried about the feeling of burning and painful sensations. The crust, gradually tightening the sore, is able to crack when eating or laughing. In this case, the pain is particularly strong.

Symptoms of candidiasis cheilitis are also characterized by the formation of puffiness and the area of ​​peeling on the entire surface of the lips. The skin is covered with scaly patches forming multiple scales. They are able to tighten the skin tightly, which makes a person lick their lips more often to soften them. But this only aggravates the situation. Gradually it becomes excessively thin, which can provoke the development of microcracks and lead to their bleeding. The patient's condition worsens due to severe burning and painful sensations.

Factors of occurrence

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Candidiasis of the mouth is often diagnosed in children of junior and senior school age, adolescents, elderly people. In these cases, the child's sucking of fingers, licking of lips, unwashed hands, weakening of immunity can become the cause of development of pathology.

Sometimes the pathology is observed even in newborn children. The reasons for its appearance are different, but they are all related to external or internal factors.

Internal reasons include:

  1. Presence of chronic diseases of internal systems and human organs.
  2. Postponed viral and infectious diseases (ARVI, influenza, tonsillitis, etc.).
  3. Long-term use of strong drugs.
  4. Abuse of bad habits (nicotine, alcohol or drug addiction).
  5. Exhaustion of the body as a result of stress, debilitating diets, malnutrition, heavy physical labor, sleep disturbance, etc.
  6. Lowered bite.
  7. The presence of immunodeficiency in humans.
  8. Carrying of candidiasis.

External factors include:

  1. The weathering of the lips.
  2. Damage to the skin (cracks, cuts, bites) caused by chemical or mechanical injuries.
  3. Overheating or hypothermia of the body.
  4. Wearing dentures.
  5. Eating foods containing antibiotics and certain other substances.
All of the above factors can provoke the development of fungal lesions of the mouth and lips.

At the first appearance of signs of pathology, it is recommended to seek the advice of a specialist. The timely treatment will prevent the development of complications and the occurrence of relapses.

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