Psoriasis and disability
Quite a lot of people are worried about the question of whether a disability can be obtained with psoriasis..
The urgency of this issue is due to the fact that psoriasis affects about 4% of the world's total population.
This disease has a very strong effect not only on the skin condition, but also on all body systems.That is why it is necessary to clearly know at what level of the disease the disability is given.
- 1Features of the disease
- 2When does temporary disability occur?
- 3ITU for disability
Features of the disease.
This disease is a chronic, non-infectious disease. The reasons for its origin at the moment have not been fully established.
Most experts distinguish such theories of the origin of this disease, as:
- The virus.
Psoriasis affects not only the skin condition, but also the state of other body systems.
Due to the development of the disease, the work is disrupted:
- The nervous system.
- Internal glands.
- Exchange of substances.
Very often doctors diagnose the parallel development of psoriasis and streptococcal infection.
The first signs of the development of this disease - itching and the appearance on the skin of pink plaques, which eventually become scaly. As a rule, the number and size of plaques gradually increases.
Depending on the type of formations on the skin, the disease is divided into the following forms:
- Coin type.
Most often, the development of this disease is diagnosed in those areas of the skin that are subjected to constant friction.
Most plaques appear on:
- Hairy part of the head.
- The palms.
- The soles.
Depending on the time of year in which the exacerbation takes place, these forms of the disease are distinguished:
One of the most serious forms of this disease is psoriatic arthritis. With this form of the disease, mainly the joints are affected. It is diagnosed in 10% of patients with psoriasis.
The first symptoms of this ailment are:
- Stiffness in the joints.
At the initial stages of development, the changes occurring in the joints are of an inflammatory or dystrophic nature. The development of this disease is similar to the development of arthritis.
When does temporary disability occur?
As a rule, the disease does not affect the general condition and therefore its treatment is performed on an outpatient basis. However, in some cases with a large lesion, outpatient treatment is ineffective. In such cases, patients are hospitalized in a planned manner.
Such a phenomenon as temporary disability most often occurs in the period of exacerbation of the disease.
This is especially true for people suffering from defeat:
- The palms.
- The sole.
On average, the period of incapacity for exacerbation lasts about two weeks. End of the time period is necessary to stabilize the process and reduce the inflammatory response.
With the development of psoriasis, forms such as escudative and pustular patients need to be hospitalized. On average, the treatment of these forms of the disease lasts about a month.
With the relapse of these forms of the disease, hospitalization for two weeks. Treatment in a hospital lasts until recovery.
ITU for disability.
If, during the examination period, the illness has passed into a stationary form, the doctors are most likely to endure favorable forecast for the continuation of the work activity and simply set the time aftercare.
In the event that, long-term treatment in a hospital does not bring the desired effect, and the disease increases. Doctors endure an unfavorable prognosis. Answering the question about which disability group will be in such circumstances, it is worth noting that, as a rule, in this case, II group of disability is given.
- Patients with this form of disability, depending on the characteristics of their disease, can not work with irritants.
- In addition, people suffering from the summer form of ailment can not work outdoors next to light sources.
- Patients suffering from plantar disease should not be on their feet for more than 5 hours, and those people whose foci of defeat are on hand are not allowed to work with manual operations.
- As for those patients whose lesions are located in the face area, they are not allowed to work that involves contact with a large number of people or ready-made foods.
Disability in psoriasis is a very common phenomenon.
Most often, people suffering from this disease, who have a disability group, are hired to work for the conclusion of the VC (medical commission). In some cases, when the patient's condition improves, it is possible to change the indicator such as group disability.
Patients with psoriatic arthritis during an exacerbation are not allowed to work on a temporary basis. The average period of incapacity for work is 40 to 50 days. Treatment of this form of ailment is carried out in hospital conditions until the inflammatory processes in the area of the affected joints do not decrease.
Also, the establishment of disability is possible in the development of polyarthritis.
The disability group for these forms of the disease is determined on the basis of:
- Frequency of exacerbations.
- Duration of exacerbations.
- Level of pain.
- Features of the joints.
Based on these factors, and also depending on other characteristics of the course of the disease, II or I group of disability is given.
Summarizing, we can say that the establishment of disability in psoriasis is a very frequent occurrence. If the patient is diagnosed with a serious form of the disease, or because of prolonged exacerbations, he can not work more than 4 months in a row, ITU is held to determine work capacity. Depending on the form and severity of the disease, III, II and I disability groups are given..