Fibroma in children - photos, removal and consequences
Benign forms that are not prone to spread from their primary localization are called fibromas. They develop from fibrous or connective tissue in any organ of the body. They have a wide base or are located on a pedicle.
Fibroma in childrendevelops in 40% of cases. Basically, they occur after two years and for a long time are asymptomatic. In 7 - 8% of patients there is a fibromatous condition. This means that there is not one tumor, but several.
The classification behind the place of education includes two main types:
- Tumors that form in the skeletal and cartilaginous structure (bones of hands, legs, ribs).
- Tumors of soft tissues: musculature (fibromyoma), fat cells, vessels (angiofibroma), skin, glands (fibroadenoma).
As the child grows, benign formations are also capable of causing harm, blood vessels or nerve endings. Such conditions cause pain, and weakening of the bone predisposes to pathological fractures.
Fibroma in children
The most common types are:
They consist of fibrous tissue and are attached directly to the bone. Usually found in actively growing sections of long bones, such as the widening end of the lower femur and the shin. Sometimes the humerus is affected. More common in males. Surgical intervention is not required. Such a fibroma in a child on the leg can disappear without any treatment, when the baby gets stronger.
Some children feel swelling and tenderness to the touch. 2% of small patients complain of constant dull pain, not related to physical activity. Sometimes the cause lies in a microcrack or a minor fracture.
Exophytic mass, consisting of connective tissue of the bones of the skull and paranasal sinuses. Sometimes it is classified as an anomaly of development.
To the touch is a hard, round, painless swelling. Reaching a large size, a fibroma on the head of a child is able to press on the cranium, deforming it and causing pain, swelling, and brain activity problems.
A small compaction that grows in the long lower limbs of a person or spine. Children are stimulated by rapid development and can cause deformation of bone structures.
The osteochondroma arises from the bark of the long bone adjacent to the plate. Fibroma of the knee joint in children usually contains bone and cartilaginous elements, so it mainly develops at the lower end of the femoral or tibia (shin), and also in the forearm.
Liquid-filled formations, the surface of which consists of fibrous joints. Usually occur in the upper limbs and in the shoulder girdle. Such a fibroma, above all, affects children from 5 to 15 years old, but also occurs at an older age.
Asymptomatic, but manifested pathological fractures, even after minor injuries.
Treatment differs from other fibrotic therapy and includes injections of aspiration, Methylprednisolone or bone marrow.
It forms in the limbs. It is detected by chance on the X-ray. Requires removal only when weakens the bone.
Tumors of soft tissues
Fibroma of skin in children
Basically, it is represented by papular and nodal lesions. Among them are:
- Children's dermatofibroma:
Smooth, flesh-colored nodule on a broad base. Localized on the toes and develops the first 12 months after birth. Requires discrimination with fibrosarcoma.
Education is prone to spontaneous regression, as well as relapse after removal, therefore surgery as the main treatment is not recommended.
The tumor of the spindle of cells is represented by a nodule of corporal or brown color. Diffuse, pigmentary or pleximorphic variants are differentiated. The latter are prone to malignant transformation. Especially the fibroma on the hand of a child is prominent, which can be present at birth and appear during adolescence.
- Cherry Angiomas:
Nodules of all shades of red, as well as bluish and violet colors. Absolutely safe and do not need therapy.
Fibrous papule that is formed from a hair bulb and resembles an intradermal nevus. Occurs in childhood, it darkens with age.
Oral benign lesions
Fibrous non-cancerous growths, which are called tumors. But for the distinguishing features it is rather hyperplasia, which is formed as a result of reaction to some stimulus or is caused genetically. Histologically it is a spherical solid that can be inflamed periodically.
- Fibroma in the child on the gum:
On the form of an ovoid ovoid shape, it is characterized as sessile or on a pedicel. The surface is smooth, but due to frequent injuries it can be ulcerated or covered with hyperkeratosis.
It is a group of infiltrating fibrous proliferation, which is an intermediate variant between benign and malignant lesions. Usually diagnosed in patients younger than 10 years. Gum fibromatosis is a separate condition that can be hereditary or induced drugs. The adolescents have a keratinized, inflamed appearance.
Fibroma of the jaw bone
Fibroma in children: treatment and removal
As described above,fibroma in the childIt requires therapy only in cases where symptoms interfere with life.
General therapeutic measures include:
- Curettage and plastic:
The most effective and simple ways to remove fibroid in a child. During surgery, the tumor is scraped off using a special tool that has a scoop, loop or ring on the tip. Excess liquids are aspirated. The remaining cavity is filled with its own donor tissues taken from other parts of the body or pieces of other materials.
2. Steroid injection:
In some cases, steroid injection can help cure fibroid bone in a child without surgical methods. Scientists believe that this effect is due to the ability of steroids to lower levels of prostaglandin - a type of fatty acid, which is formed in the cysts.
3. Injection of bone marrow:
The necessary substances are sucked from the bones of the thigh and injected into the cystic gland. This procedure promotes rapid healing. Sometimes used in combination with demineralized bone gel to stimulate the formation of new tissues. The prognosis of treatment is positive, but there is a small number of relapses.
Fibroma in children- not an aggressive disease, which often does not require the use of any radical measures and solutions..