How many live with lung cancer 3 stages?
One of the most common oncological diseases is lung cancer. Almost always at the initial stage of its development, it is not accompanied by vivid symptoms. That is why a dangerous pathology is most often detected with the appearance of metastases in many organs. And having heard from the doctor about such a diagnosis as "lung cancer stage 3 how many live in this case almost every patient is trying to find out. But the answer to this question depends largely on the patient's condition.
Symptoms and Description of Stage 3 Lung Cancer
Very often, the manifestations of lung cancer in the first time patients perceive as signs of exacerbated bronchitis, tuberculosis or even the pathology of the cardiovascular system. Symptoms can be completely different. Their manifestation depends on the location of the tumor in the lung, its size and type, as well as the number of metastases. But there are common signs of the disease. These include:
- severe pain in the chest;
- frequent cough, in which blood is observed in the expectorant sputum;
- almost constantly accelerated heartbeat;
- the appearance of dyspnea, even in the absence of prolonged and intense physical exertion;
- constant sensation of discomfort during breathing;
- change of voice, it becomes hoarse and deaf;
- frequent pain in the heart or other organs. This symptom signals the presence of metastases in them.
Being the main symptom, cough appears even in the early stages of oncology. By the 3 stages of lung cancer, cough becomes almost constant and provokes intense pain in the sternum. Gradually expanding, the tumor begins to press not only on the small bronchial mesh, but already on the large bronchi. In this case, there is a shortage of tissue supply with oxygen, and dyspnea appears. At first it arises in the process of significant physical exertion, and later, with the growth of oncological education, can manifest even during rest in a lying position.
The ingestion of blood particles into sputum occurs when pathological formation covers large blood vessels. In addition, while receiving nutrients directly from the bloodstream, the tumor begins to grow intensively. In the process, the pathogenic elements easily begin to move along the vessels, and the already severe stage 3 is supplemented with metastases. They can damage any organ.
In view of the nature and extent of metastases, lung cancer of the 3rd degree is conditionally divided into:
- 3A form.
- 3B form.
With lung cancer 3A, metastases affect almost all nearby organs. The formations are large.
Oncology 3B is a heavier form. It is characterized by metastases not only in neighboring organs, but also covers part of the circulatory system system, due to which pathology easily migrates to the distant parts of the body, reaching the brain.
Signs of the appearance of metastases
With intensive growth and spread of the tumor, as well as in smokers, cancer of the third degree is accompanied by strong, not drowned out by pains, which are constantly amplified, and when coughing becomes enough sharp. In this metastasis, penetrating into various organs and systems of the body, provoke the appearance of additional symptoms:
- swelling of various parts of the body. Most often, hands and face suffer;
- in the process of swallowing, there is obvious discomfort, as if there is a foreign body inside the larynx;
- there is a hiccough;
- speech disorders begin;
- aching pains in the bones;
- loss of teeth;
- paralysis of various parts of the body.
There are often cases when the pathology developed almost asymptomatically, but when it went to stage 3, the patient began frequent fever, as well as pneumonia.
What is dangerous 3 stage of pulmonary oncology?
At 3 stages, the size of the pulmonary tumor can already exceed 7 cm in diameter. At the same time, pathological education not only complicates the work of the lung, but also provokes intense, almost intolerable pain. However, most often, in the 3 stages of oncology, the most negative role is played not by the tumor itself, but by its metastases. Gradually embracing nearby organs, they completely block the work of the body.
Often, lung cancer gives metastases to the trachea, esophagus, stomach, liver, kidneys and heart muscle. The spread of cancer cells through the body occurs through the blood. Most often this leads to a physical inability to eat, a general poisoning of the body with toxins and the development of the pericardium. In addition, the lack of oxygen that occurs in this pathology, contributes to intense brain damage.
What determines the survival rate for lung cancer of Stage 3?
When determining the chances of curing or stopping tumor growth and metastases, oncology is used statistics of survival of patients for 5 years from the date of diagnosis. It is the percentage of patients who have overcome this disease 5-year-old line, is considered an indicator of survival.
In general, the survival rate for stage 3 lung cancer depends on such factors:
- Structure of the tumor. Isolate large and small-celled. With a large-cell pathology, the chances of survival are much higher.
- Timeliness of diagnosis.
- The size of the tumor.
- General condition of the patient's body and age.
- Correctly selected complex treatment.
Even at 3 stages, such an indicator as timely diagnosis plays a significant role. Having detected cancer at the beginning of his transition to stage 3, the chances of stopping the spread of metastases are much greater than in a tumor that affected almost all organs and lymph nodes.
The condition of the body as a whole and the age of the patient are also important. Strong immunity of young people, as well as the absence of other health problems, allow to fight the disease much more effectively. However, even a middle-aged or elderly person who is monitoring his or her health may have chances of survival are higher than those of a younger patient with weak immunity and a host of harmful habits.
How many live such patients?
There is no unequivocal answer to the question of how many patients live with this diagnosis. However, based on statistical data, the prognosis of 5-year survival is not too high. For a large cell, less active tumor, 3A type, this indicator is 19-24%. If the tumor consists of small fast-growing cells, the survival prognosis is reduced to 13%.
Pathology of type 3B, characterized by large cells of the pathological body, gives chances for a 5-year survival rate of 9%. For the small-cell form, the indicator is 7-9%.
But, even given the low statistical indicators, the patient always needs to remember that the chances of survival depend directly on ourselves, and therefore it is important to continue treatment.
How to prolong life in lung cancer 3 stages?
In order to effectively combat the disease, it is necessary that the therapy be carried out exclusively in a complex manner. The use of only one method with such a serious disease will not give a positive result.
For the treatment of pulmonary oncology used:
- radiation therapy;
The use of radiotherapy can slow down, and in some cases even stop the growth of the tumor. In most cases, it is used immediately before surgery. This method can significantly reduce the size of the formation, since radiation is very aggressive for cancer cells. However, radiation exposure is also used when surgery is not possible. In this case, it provides enhanced chemotherapy and stops the spread of cancer.
The chemotherapy is carried out by the courses. Each of the stages of drug treatment provides a reduction in the growth of education. And since the drugs used in chemotherapy not only affect the tumor, but also negatively affect the patient's body, interruptions are maintained between treatment courses. They allow the body to recover to further fight the disease. The choice of specific drugs for chemotherapy and their dosage is exclusively the doctor. In Stage 3 lung cancer, the dosage is usually quite high.
Most often, chemotherapy is used drugs:
. In order to reduce the harm of these drugs, steroid reception is almost always prescribed before their use. And as an increase in effectiveness, medicines can be combined. Most often it is practiced with inoperable cancer..
The use of drugs for chemotherapy can be carried out only under the supervision of a doctor and only in a hospital! Such security measures are necessary because of the high toxicity of most of them!.
Despite the fact that surgical intervention is the main method of stopping the development of pathology, its use may not always be possible. In most cases, the operable is a large cell tumor with a small number of metastases located on the outer part of the organs. In this case, not only the pathological entity itself, but also part of the most affected organ can be removed. And in case of intensive spreading, all the affected lung can be removed, if this will save the patient's life.
The small-cell tumor, in view of its aggressiveness, is practically not subject to disposal. This highly active form quickly produces metastases that often penetrate deep into the organs in the form of a large number of dispersed nodules. In addition, cancer cells quickly enter the bloodstream and are contained in it in large quantities. Surgical intervention in this case may entail only an increase in the growth of metastases. That is why the small cell tumor is practically not operated.
In the struggle for recovery, not only traditional methods of treatment are used. As an auxiliary therapy can be used and traditional medicine. Most often these are decoctions, ointments lotions from medicinal herbs.
As the main medicinal components for the preparation of anti-cancer drugs are used:
- white acacia;
- leaves and roots of plantain;
- St. John's wort;
- comfrey root;
- Dried color of potatoes.
To prepare the decoctions, several components are used simultaneously. Their mixture in an amount of 2 tbsp. poured in, l steep boiling water and, after mixing, poured into the thermos for 1 hour. After that, the infusion is filtered and used inside for 30 minutes before a meal of 100 ml. 3 times a day.
Often used separately potato color. To prepare the present from cancer, 1 tbsp. dried flowers are poured, l. steep boiling water and left in the thermos for 3 hours. After the time has elapsed, the mixture is filtered and the flowers are squeezed out. Storage of medicinal infusion should occur only in glass containers. Take it 3 times a day for 160-170 ml for 30 minutes before meals.
High efficiency in the fight against lung cancer is different and plantain. It in the amount of 1 tbsp. it is necessary to pour, l steep boiling water and let it brew for 2 hours. After that, the infusion is filtered and drunk 4 times a day for 30 minutes before a meal of 1 tbsp.
Knowing approximately, with such a diagnosis as lung cancer of the 3rd stage how many patients live, many collect all their strengths in order to defeat the disease. And at the same time, the internal positive mood plays a significant role. However, it is important to remember that the successful treatment of such an aggressive disease requires a mandatory comprehensive approach, as well as the supervision of a competent doctor..