Lung cancer with metastases: how many live?
"Lung cancer with metastaseshow many livewith such a lesion depends on the location, type and spread of the tumor. The initial stages of metastatic lesion are asymptomatic, which explains the late diagnosis of the disease. Further development of the disease forms a vivid clinical picture with pain syndrome and cancer intoxication. Medical care for such oncology is based on the symptomatic treatment of certain signs of the disease. Prognosis of stage 4 of lung cancer is unfavorable with a maximum life expectancy of up to 18 months.
Signs of malignant lung injury with metastases
Oncology of the pulmonary system in the late stages of the process is manifested by such symptoms:
- frequent attacks of dry cough with the presence of blood in the sputum;
- intense pain in lung cancer in the chest area, which are not removed with the help of traditional pain killers;
- persistent low-grade fever and general malaise;
- night sweats and rapid weight loss.
Lung cancer, metastases - how many live?
Metastasis of lung cancer in the liver
Most often, malignant lung tumors metastasize to the liver. In this case, the patient has such a clinical picture:
- Chronic feeling of general weakness.
- Periodic nausea and vomiting for no apparent reason.
- Feeling of pain and heaviness in the upper half of the abdomen.
- Decreased body weight.
- In some cases, doctors note jaundice of the skin.
With hepatic metastases, chemotherapy is the main way of prolonging a patient's life. In modern oncological clinics, doctors use local administration of cytostatic agents through arterial vessels. This technique accurately neutralizes cancer cells and reduces the overall negative effects of therapy. The effectiveness of chemotherapy enhances the impact radiation exposure of highly active X-ray radiation on a cancerous tumor.
Despite the whole complex of anticancer therapy, the prognosis of metastatic liver damage remains extremely unfavorable. The average life expectancy in cancer for these patients is 4-6 months.
Metastasis of lung cancer in the bone
Cancerous lesions of the pulmonary system also metastasize into bone structures. Symptoms of secondary foci in the bones include:
- Acute attacks of pain that persist patients mainly at night.
- Progressive swelling of hard tissues in the area of metastasis formation.
- Frequent pathological fractures of the upper and lower extremities.
In this case, therapeutic measures are aimed at eliminating the pain syndrome and maximizing the possible improvement in the quality of life of the cancer patient. Survival of patients with metastatic bone disease does not exceed 12 months.
Methods of therapy and treatment of lung cancer metastases
At the stage of metastasis of a malignant neoplasm, oncologists recommend the following methods of combating metastases:
To date, this technology is considered the most effective therapy for hard-to-reach tumors and metastases. The device "Cyber-Knife" makes it possible to conduct absolutely bloodless and atraumatic operations to remove foci of malignant growth. The essence of the technique consists in the pinpointing of a beam of highly active radiologic radiation, which destroys mutated tissues without damaging the nearby healthy tissues. During such an operation, the robotic manipulations of the apparatus are controlled computer program, which independently determines the angle and the point of supply of the source ionizing radiation.
The introduction of a cytotoxic agent into the body helps stabilize the pathological process, which ultimately can prolong life and postpone the death of a patient with cancer. Chemotherapy is carried out in the form of several courses of injections of pharmaceuticals. Such treatment is carried out only in a hospital environment under the constant monitoring of vital signs of the work of organs and systems.
Remote irradiation of affected tissues with ionizing radiation is often combined with the use of cytostatic agents. This therapy is palliative. Radiation therapy is prescribed only if the patient has a satisfactory overall condition.
To relieve pain in patients with advanced stages of oncology with the presence of metastatic foci, narcotic analeptics are prescribed on the basis of morphine. As the tumor progresses, the patient needs an increase in the dose of an anticancer analgesic.
Stimulation of the body's resistance improves the general condition and quality of life of the patient with metastases.
Care of patients with lung cancer in advanced stages of oncology
Lung cancer with metastases, how much remains to live is determined by the spread of the tumor and the number of secondary foci of malignant growth. Such patients require specialized care at home or in hospices.
Depending on the location of metastases in patients there is a gradual disruption of the motor, digestive and urinary systems. Therefore, such oncological patients can not do without outside help.
The best conditions for the care of seriously ill patients with oncological patients are provided by hospices, which are a specialized medical institution. In such institutions, patients receive all the necessary supportive therapy and constant care of the medical staff.
Lung cancer with metastases - how many live? Forecast
Lung cancer with metastases-how many livepatients cause the localization of a secondary tumor. The least favorable prognosis for metastases in the hepatic tissue (4-6months). Malignant foci in the bone tissue, according to statistics, allow cancer patients to survive up to 12 months. To extend the life of the patient can only timely and adequate anti-cancer therapy..