Small cell lung cancer
Among the variety of all known types of cancer, small-cell lung cancer is one of the the most common forms of cancer and according to the latest statistics is about 20% of all tumors that affect lungs.
The danger of this type of cancer lies, first of all, in the fact that metastasis (formation of secondary tumor nodes in organs and tissues) occurs quite rapidly, and not only the organs of the abdominal cavity and lymph nodes are affected, but also the brain.
Small cell lung cancerequally often can be found in elderly people, as well as in young people, but the age of 40-60 years can be considered peak incidence. It should also be noted that in the overwhelming majority of this disease men are affected.
With late diagnosis, such a tumor does not respond to treatment and, no matter how scary it may sound, it leads to a fatal outcome. If the disease is found in the early stages, the chances of recovery are large enough.
Like many other serious diseases, up to a certain point, it can not manifest itself at all. However, there are certain indirect signs that in the early stages can cause suspicions about the presence of this kind of oncology. These include:
- a prolonged dry cough, and in later terms - a cough with blood;
- wheezing, wheezing;
- pain in the chest;
- decreased appetite and a sharp weight loss;
- deterioration of vision.
In the process of metastasis formation the following are added to these symptoms:
- a sore throat;
- painful sensations in the spine;
- the skin can acquire a slightly yellowish hue.
In case of complex manifestation of the above symptoms, it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately, since absolutely accurately diagnose lung cancer is possible only after special laboratory Research:
- general and biochemical blood tests;
- bronchoscopy and lung biopsy (the volume of lung damage is determined);
- X-ray examination of internal organs;
- Tomography (like X-ray, this type of diagnosis is designed to determine the stage of the disease, as well as the intensity of metastasis);
- molecular genetic studies.
What is the risk of small cell lung cancer?
For the successful treatment of this disease, timely diagnosis is extremely important. Disappointing statistics indicate that only 5% of cases of lung cancer are diagnosed before the disease affects the lymph nodes.
Metastases in this cancer spread to the liver, adrenal glands, lymph nodes, affect bone tissue and even the brain.
In the group of risk, smokers come first, because in tobacco smoke contains a huge number of carcinogens. In addition, many people have a hereditary predisposition to the formation of malignant tumors.
Possible complications and concomitant diseases in small-cell lung cancer:
- Inflammation of the lungs, bronchitis, pneumonia;
- Pulmonary haemorrhage;
- Cancerous inflammation of the lymph nodes (as a result - shortness of breath, increased sweating);
- Oxygen deficiency;
- Negative influence of chemotherapy and radiation on the body (damage to the nervous system, anemia, hair loss, abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract, etc.)
The effectiveness of modern methods of treatment of small cell lung cancer
After all the necessary tests are given, the studies are carried out and the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor prescribes the most optimal method of treatment.
Surgical intervention is considered the most effective way to get rid of cancer education. During the operation, the affected part of the lung is removed. Nevertheless, this type of treatment justifies itself only at an early stage of the disease.
This type of treatment is prescribed for patients with a limited stage of lung cancer, when the metastatic process has already affected other organs. The essence of it is the admission of certain drugs courses. Each course has a duration of 2 to 4 weeks. The number of courses is 4 to 6. Between them, there must be small breaks.
Irradiation is most often performed in combination with chemotherapy, but can be treated as a separate type of treatment. Radiation therapy is directly exposed to foci of pathological formations - the tumor itself and the detected metastases. This method of cancer treatment is also used after surgical removal of malignant formation - to affect cancerous foci, which could not be surgically removed. At a large stage, when the tumor has gone beyond the limits of one lung, radiation therapy is used to irradiate the brain, and also prevents intensive metastasis.
For preventionSmall Cell Lung Cancerit is necessary to give up smoking, protect yourself from the influence of harmful substances of the environment, monitor your health and take measures for the timely diagnosis of various diseases..