The last stage of lung cancer
Malignant formation in the lungs at the last stage has an unfavorable prognosis. This is due to the specificity of the lesion.Lung cancer last stageIs a serious diagnosis, after which the patient is prescribed symptomatic supportive therapy.
Features of the terminal stage of lung cancer
Cancer of the 4th stage is characterized by serious complications. Education covers the mucous membrane of the bronchi and lungs. The patient's condition is unsatisfactory. Malignant cells spread rapidly, speeding up the process of metastasis.
Absence of drug therapy is accompanied by defeat of the heart, brain, organs of the gastrointestinal tract and spine with the formation of distant foci of screening of cancer cells. Systemic blood flow and lymphatic system carry malignant cells throughout the body.
Specialists distinguish three main degrees of the disease:
The biological period is observed when cancer cells appear. The preclinical period is asymptomatic, it can be detected using an X-ray. Usually this is a 1-2 stage disease. The clinical degree of the disease is characterized by a specific symptomatology.
Clinical picture of lung cancer of the last stage
People suffering from lung lesions are able to suspect the presence of the problem from the very beginning of its development. It all starts with a minor cough, a mild pain in the chest and shortness of breath. As the disease progresses, the condition deteriorates noticeably. The pain syndrome is constantly present, it is difficult to suppress pain medication. Pain is worse when coughing and moving.
The patient refuses to eat, he has no appetite, hemoptysis appears. With metastasis, bone pain increases, and limbs are weak. Neurologic symptoms and changes in the shade of the skin are not excluded.
How to suspect lung cancer at the last stage?
The main sign of the presence of complications is a strong cough of a persistent nature, pronounced dyspnea. Sputum is often secreted with an admixture of blood. The pain syndrome is strong, it is localized over the area of tumor formation.
The patient complains of asthma attacks, which are accompanied by heart rhythm disturbances. There are problems with swallowing and passing food through the esophagus. Absence of drug therapy leads to an increase in the clinical picture.
How do these patients feel?
The last stage of lung cancernegatively affects the general condition of the patient. A person loses the desire to live because of the intensification of clinical manifestations. Sometimes the pain syndrome is simply unbearable, which forces the patient to use potent drugs. It is no longer possible to cope with pain with the help of standard painkillers.
A person is often worried about fever for no apparent reason. General weakness and pain in the bones do not allow much movement. Attenuation causes the patient to bed. Relieve the overall condition will help only symptomatic therapy.
The main recommendations of doctors on the care of such patients
Curing cancer with a complicated course is impossible. Spreading metastases lead to damage to surrounding organs and body systems. This aggravates the general condition of a person and strengthens the clinical picture.
The only thing a doctor can recommend is to start a course of palliative therapy. Its action is aimed at reducing the spread of cancer cells. The basis of treatment is the use of radiation and chemotherapy. This will prolong the life of a person. There are practically no cases with complete remission.
Experts advise to follow the main recommendations. It is necessary to undergo a course of radiation and chemical therapy, to apply funds for symptomatic treatment and to visit a psychologist. These are the only ways to relieve the general condition and improve the health of the cancer patient.
Important to know: Nursing, nutrition and support of cancer patients
The prognosis and what to expect at the last stage of pulmonary oncology?
The fourth form of the disease is characterized by high mortality. It is practically impossible to save a person. This is due to the total lesion of the lung tissue, which leads to severe respiratory failure. Reduction of lung activity leads to deterioration of the general condition of a person. Compensate the dysfunction of the respiratory system is possible only with the help of ventilators.
Statistical data confirm that a person is able to live no more than 5 years with the development of a complicated form of the disease. This is generalized information. In reality, it is almost impossible to achieve the maximum prolongation of life. This is associated with metastasis, the presence of concomitant lesions in the organs and systems of the body.
The patient should follow the doctor's recommendations and follow the prescription of symptomatic therapy to ease his condition. The duration of life is affected by the stage of the malignant process. Medicine knows cases when people managed to live about 10 years.
Lung cancer last stageIs a complicated malignant process that does not give a person a chance to live a long life. In most cases, the patient dies within 1-2 years of the final diagnosis..