Signs of lung cancer in women
Signs of lung cancer in women may differ from the symptoms of pulmonary carcinoma in men. In some cases, the clinical picture of patients includes more subtle manifestations of malignant neoplasm (minor dyspnea during exercise or general fatigue). Many cancer patients do not have such a clear sign of lung cancer as a chronic cough.
Causes of difference in symptoms of lung cancer in men and women
One of the most obvious reasons for the difference in symptoms between male and female sex is the difference in the types of cancers among women and men. So, many types of oncology have a sexual identity and, accordingly, a different clinical picture.
Another factor in separating the signs of the disease is the fact that there are more non-smokers among the female population, and the number of smokers in the male community is higher.
The first signs of lung cancer in women, depending on the type of tumor
Non-small cell lung cancer in women
Lungs of a smoking woman with lung cancer
This kind of oncology accounts for about 80% of cases of cancer of the respiratory system. There are three main subspecies of non-small cell lung cancer:
- A squamous cell tumor.
- Large carcinoma.
For men, the most common form of cancer is a squamous cell tumor. This pathology grows within or near large respiratory tract. Squamous cell carcinoma is quite often manifested already in the early stages of the disease. These symptoms include:
- attacks of chronic cough;
- presence of blood masses in sputum;
- frequent infectious pneumonia;
- collapse of the lung. Overlapping the lumen of a large bronchus leads to dysfunction of one of the lungs.
In women, an overwhelming number of pulmonary oncology accounts for adenocarcinoma. This lesion tends to grow in the outer compartments of the lungs. Adenocarcinoma tumor, as a rule, reaches considerable dimensions at the time of diagnosis. Initial symptoms include the following symptoms:
Has a tendency to gradual increase. This sign at the beginning of the disease is very often perceived by the patient as age-related changes in the body. In the early stages of dyspnoea, a woman worries during physical exertion (climbing stairs, jogging). With the development of the disease, the difficulties of breathing also appear in a state of rest.
Pain in the shoulder joint:
The origin is explained by the pressure of the tumor on the nerve endings.
Pain with lung cancer in the chest, usually strengthened with a deep breath and exhalation. This symptom is associated with irritation of the external pulmonary membrane pathological process.
Cancer fatigue is different from normal fatigue, which is observed after a busy day or after a sleepless night. Onkobolnye feel fatigue all day and night.
Small cell lung cancer in women
In the overwhelming majority of cases, it is diagnosed among women who smoke. This kind of oncology is located near large airways and early forms metastases.
Signs of lung cancer in women associated with metastatic spread of the tumor
In the late stages of oncology of the respiratory system, many patients develop secondary lesions, the symptoms of which include:
Metastases in the bones
Cells of a cancerous tumor enter the bone system through the blood and lymphatic vessels. The most common symptom of bone pathology is pain. In the initial period, the pain syndrome is manifested by unpleasant sensations in the muscles and joints. Gradually the pain grows and is widespread. Painful attacks, as a rule, are activated at night.
Also, patients with bone metastases of the lungs suffer from frequent pathological fractures or atypical outgrowths.
Metastases to the brain
In such cases, specialists diagnose lung cancer of the fourth stage. Metastatic foci in the brain tissue cause local inflammation and edema. Symptoms of a brain tumor are determined by the pressure of cancer tissues on vital centers. Some signs of central nervous system oncology include:
- periodic headaches that can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting;
- loss of spatial coordination, balance;
- emotional disorders in the form of memory loss, speech problems, apathy or increased irritability;
- general malaise and chronic fatigue;
- complete or partial loss of vision.
Hepatic metastases of lung cancer in women
Secondary metastases in the liver are considered to be the most common complication of lung cancer in women. With this pathology, cancer cells spread to the hepatic tissue with blood and lymph flow.
Symptoms of metastases in the liver are manifested by the following symptoms:
- periodic pain in the right upper quadrant, which is accompanied by loss of appetite and nausea;
- a difficult outflow of bile in the form of jaundice. In this case, the patient has a yellowish shade of skin and sclera.
General symptoms of lung cancer for men and women
Malignant neoplasms of the respiratory system include the following common symptoms for both men and women:
- a permanent dry cough that lasts more than three months;
- presence of blood masses in sputum;
- progressive dyspnea. This symptom can manifest itself, both at rest and during physical exertion;
- violation of the periodicity of respiratory movements;
- sudden occurrence of hoarseness of voice;
- frequent recurrent inflammations of the lungs and bronchi.
Diagnosis of lung cancer in women
Signs of lung cancer in womenrequire immediate consultation of an oncologist, who needs to evaluate the results of radiology, computed tomography and bronchoscopy to establish the diagnosis. The final diagnosis, as a rule, is exposed on the basis of a microscopic examination of the biological material from the focus of malignant growth (biopsy)..