Herpes - incubation period on the body
The human body is constantly susceptible to infectious attacks, among which one of the most common is herpes, whose incubation period varies. Almost every time I came across this unpleasant disease. The statistics state that in the blood each one has one or another strain of this virus.By itself, it does not carry a mortal danger, either for men, for women, or for children, but with weakened immunity affects the skin and mucous membranes and at the same time causes a lot of unpleasant sensations..
- 1What is the virus and its features?
- 2Features of the incubation period
- 3The role of immunity in the development of disease
What is the virus and its features?.
There are 8 types of this ailment. A large percentage of the viruses are of a simple type. It is manifested by characteristic pimply rashes on the skin and mucous membranes.
The ailments of a person are caused by the following viruses:
- 1 type of herpes simplex;
- Type 2 genital herpetic eruptions;
- type 3 virus, which is manifested by shingles on the body in adults and smallpox in children;
- cytomegalovirus (type 5);
- Epstein-Barr virus cells (type 4).
In this case, 1 and 2 type of herpetic virus affects, in most cases, mucous (lips, genitalia), skin (forehead, cheeks, wings of the nose).
The third type is called shingles (there are rashes on the body). He brings a lot of unpleasant sensations to his master, as it causes pain in the field of nerve endings. Often, herpetic rashes may be accompanied by an increase in neighboring lymph nodes.
Herpes virus is very contagious in the phase of its active phase. The rash, which is the main symptom of this ailment, contains in its vials the contents that can easily carry the ailment.
To accurately determine the incubation period of the disease, you need to understand when there was infection of a person.
The disease is transmitted from person to person. And the transmission routes, as well as the mechanisms of spreading the infection, may differ, and largely depend on the type of the virus.
For example, a herpes rash caused by type 1 has a characteristic feature spread through personal hygiene items (soap, towel). It can also be picked up by contact with a sick person (kiss).
The second type of virus (genital herpes) is transmitted, in most cases, by intimate communication. Therefore, it is classified as sexually transmitted diseases. But we can not exclude other ways of transfer here.
After how many days from the moment of infection the first symptoms appear, depends in many respects on the type of the virus. The latent stage of the disease can fluctuate from day to month. For example, the incubation period of herpes simplex is from 2 to 7 days, and the third type can prolong the appearance of the first symptoms up to 3 weeks.
In this case, this time interval for men and women also differs. So, for the latter, this period is whiter than lasting. In men, after infection and before the onset of the first symptoms, it takes much less time and on average is about 7 days for a simple strain of the virus.
Features of the incubation period
It has already been mentioned that the latent period of herpetic infection in men and women largely depends on the type of virus that is the causative agent. Children, in most cases, are characterized by the appearance of herpetic eruptions of a simple type. In this case, his first symptoms appear on the lips or wings of the nose.
If such a disease occurs in adult men and women, this time interval increases to 21 days.
What happens after infection?
- After the virus enters the skin or mucous membrane, it begins to actively multiply in epidermal cells.
- Further, the spread of the disease to other organs and tissues begins. Infection involves blood, lymph nodes and other organs and systems of man.
- It is proved that the virus acts on the body of nerve cells and nodes. The first phase of the process is characterized by the multiplication of the herpes virus in the congestion of nerve cells that are located along the nerve, as well as surrounding tissues. Further, the active virus begins its movement, which leads to the spread of infection.
- After spreading through the body, the herpetic infection remains unnoticed until its awakening. And it is this time that depends on the negative factors and the forces of the immune system.
- It should be noted that some herpes viruses can be contagious already in the incubation period, when a person does not know about his ailment.
- After infection in the blood, the patient begins to detect antibodies to the virus. Significant their growth is noted for 5 weeks, and later they remain in the blood of a person forever.
If we talk about the symptoms that can occur during the incubation period, then they are insignificant and practically not allocated. Some patients note that a few days before the onset of visual manifestation of the disease was noted general lethargy and weakness in the body, increased sensitivity of the skin, articular and muscular pain.
The reaction of nearby lymph nodes is also possible. All these manifestations are not typical only for herpes infection, therefore can not be regarded as an obvious indicator of it.
The role of immunity in the development of disease.
It is worth noting that the immune forces of our organism play an important role in the duration of the incubation period. That is why the exact time of the incubation period of any of the types of herpes virus is not called.
So, after getting on the skin or mucous, the virus, penetrating inside, can some people do not make themselves felt for a long time, while others develop in a few days. This is due, in most cases, with strong or weakened immunity. What can affect the decrease in immune forces?
Doctors allocate a lot of both external and internal causes that affect the reduction of immunity:
- Chronic diseases and infectious processes in the body. Constant inflammatory processes reduce the protective functions of the body.
- Harmful habits and malnutrition in men and women. The intestine is the organ in which cells of immunity are produced. Therefore, his right work is a pledge of strong immunity.
- Stress, depression. Nervous overvoltages significantly reduce immunity.
- Overcooling or overheating of the body.
- External environmental factors.
That is why these layers of the population are most susceptible to the manifestation of herpetic eruptions and it is in them that they manifest themselves very quickly from the moment of infection. So, in children the latent interval is short enough, and the ailment makes itself felt very soon.
Now there is a whole complex of measures for men and women, observance of which will help not only not to catch the disease of herpes, but also to push back its relapses.
- The first and most important recommendation is the maintenance of one's immunity in proper condition. Proper nutrition, vitamin complexes, walks in the fresh air, timely cured diseases - this is the way to the strong protective forces of our body.
- Compliance with hygiene rules, exclusion of casual sex.
- Vaccination is one of the most effective ways in the fight against the disease. It will not heal your body of the virus, but it will prevent its awakening.
Do not forget that herpetic rashes are quite dangerous and contagious. Therefore, if you know that a person has herpetic diseases, then refrain from close contact with him. Compliance with such simple rules will help reduce the risk of infection with the virus in children and adults..